Andreas Heitger

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Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is a malignancy with the potential to infiltrate the liver, spleen, lymph nodes and brain. Such extramedullary presentation is important for understanding the biology of childhood ALL and also for developing new prognostic parameters. A potential mechanism in the trafficking of leukaemia cells is the interaction(More)
Mannan-binding lectin (MBL) deficiency has been classified as a commonly occurring immune disorder, affecting approximately 30% of the human population. MBL, being part of the innate immune system, supports the recognition of infectious pathogens by binding to carbohydrate moieties expressed on microorganisms and activates the lectin pathway of the(More)
Treatment of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) remains problematic. To test the hypothesis that rapid initiation and long-term continuation of chemotherapy can improve survival and reduce recurrence and late consequences of disseminated LCH, we have completed a prospective clinical trial (DAL HX-83). One hundred six newly diagnosed patients were(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are candidates for antigen-presenting cells that present exogenous antigen on MHC class I molecules to cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), a process referred to as cross-priming. We triggered interleukin (IL)-12 release from DC, which was limited to the first day after maturation induction, by a combination of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and(More)
BACKGROUND Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a bone marrow disease. This may adversely affect the capacity of T cells to recover from chemotherapy-induced T-cell depletion and thus contribute to the prevailing immune deficiency in ALL patients. PROCEDURE We tested the capacity of T-cells to regenerate in 18 ALL children in first clinical remission(More)
To induce cytolytic immunity, dendritic cells (DCs) need to release bioactive interleukin-12 (IL-12) p70 heterodimeric molecules. To study the role of IL-12 for the generation of an anti-tumor immune response, we generated two classes of DCs. (1) DCs were initiated to secrete IL-12 by exposure to LPS/IFN-γ for 2 h resulting, as demonstrated in vitro, in(More)
Primary B-cell disorders comprise a heterogeneous group of inherited immunodeficiencies, often associated with autoimmunity causing significant morbidity. The underlying genetic etiology remains elusive in the majority of patients. In this study, we investigated a patient from a consanguineous family suffering from recurrent infections and severe lupuslike(More)
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is complicated by unwelcome side-effects that arise on the basis of an altered immune system. Infectious complications and alloreactive T-cell responses trigger a process of ongoing immune activation and inflammation. Negative-feedback mechanisms to counteract inflammation involve the induction of the(More)
The role of the tryptophan-metabolizing enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) in down-regulating human alloresponses has recently been controversially debated. We here demonstrate that human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (mDCs) can be endowed with sustained IDO competence in vitro by 48-hour activation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and(More)
Recurrent parotitis of childhood is defined as the relapsing form of juvenile (idiopathic) parotitis and represents a rare inflammatory disorder of the parotid gland with potentially significant morbidity. We reviewed the charts of patients who were diagnosed with inflammatory parotid diseases in our institution between 1992 and 2002. There were 91 patients(More)