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Male rats a 5 wk of age were subjected to 13 wk of intensive treadmill running to study the effect of exercise on adipose tissue cellularity and lipolysis. Untrained controls of the same age remained sedentary in their cages for the duration of the experiment. Adipocyte numbers were similar in eqidiymal fat pads from trained and untrained rats (12.7 plus or(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of peridural analgesia on long-term survival in patients who underwent surgical treatment of colorectal carcinoma. BACKGROUND Clinical and animal studies suggest a potential benefit of peridural analgesia on morbidity and mortality after cancer surgery. The effect of peridural analgesia on long-term outcome after surgery(More)
We demonstrated previously that phosphocholine and phosphocholine-modified macromolecules efficiently inhibit ATP-dependent release of interleukin-1β from human and murine monocytes by a mechanism involving nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR). Interleukin-1β is a potent pro-inflammatory cytokine of innate immunity that plays pivotal roles in host(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess pancreatic fistula rate and secondary endpoints after pancreatogastrostomy (PG) versus pancreatojejunostomy (PJ) for reconstruction in pancreatoduodenectomy in the setting of a multicenter randomized controlled trial. BACKGROUND PJ and PG are established methods for reconstruction in pancreatoduodenectomy. Recent prospective trials(More)
The open abdomen (OA) procedure is a significant surgical advance, as part of damage control techniques in severe abdominal trauma. Its application can be adapted to the advantage of patients with severe abdominal sepsis, however its precise role in these patients is still not clear. In severe abdominal sepsis the OA may allow early identification and(More)
Current treatment guidelines for sepsis claim an early goal-directed hemodynamic optimization including fluid resuscitation, use of vasopressors and inotropic agents. We investigated the correlation between the prominent treatment goal central venous saturation (ScvO2) and the frontal and the thenar regional oxygen saturation (rSO2) measured by near(More)
BACKGROUND Long-lasting impairment of the immune system is believed to be the underlying reason for delayed deaths after surviving sepsis. We tested the hypothesis of persisting changes to the immune system in survivors of sepsis for the first time. METHODS In our prospective, cross-sectional pilot study, eight former patients who survived(More)
Cyclic AMP metabolism in epididymal adipose tissue of exercise-trained rats was examined to determine if training induced changes in cyclic AMP production or inactivation. Beginning at 7 weeks of age, male rats were physically trained by 12 weeks of treadmill running. Pair-fed control rats remained sedentary in their cages for the duration of the(More)
This study was conducted to investigate alterations in excretion of urea and total nitrogen after6-8 weeks of daily exercise and to establish if the capacity for amino acid oxidation in muscle is influenced by endurance training. Urea nitrogen excretion was increased in trained compared with untrained rats and nitrogen balance was less positive in trained(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the influence of exercise and diet on selected aspects of heme protein metabolism in the rat. Two levels of treadmill exercise and three levels of dietary restriction were imposed on growing male rats over a 12-week experimental period. Neither training nor diet had any effect on erythrocyte NADH-MetHB reductase. The(More)