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The main sources of oxidative stress in the vessel wall are nicotine adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (Nox) complexes. The endothelium mainly expresses the Nox4-containing complex; however, the mechanism by which shear stress in endothelial cells regulates Nox4 is not well understood. This study demonstrates that long-term application of(More)
OBJECTIVE 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) exert potent anti-inflammatory effects that are independent of their cholesterol-lowering action. We have investigated the effects of these drugs on cytokine-stimulated CD40 expression in human cultured endothelial cells and monocytes. METHODS AND RESULTS Reverse(More)
The interaction of T-lymphocytes expressing the CD40 ligand (CD154) and cells of the vessel wall expressing the corresponding receptor protein (CD40) may play an important role in chronic inflammation including arteriosclerosis. One way of interfering with CD40-CD154 signalling is to prevent CD40 expression, the regulation of which, however, has yet to be(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokines play a pivotal role in allergy development through activating signaling mechanisms, such as the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway, which controls the expression of numerous proinflammatory genes. OBJECTIVE In comparison with 2 different corticosteroids and a calcineurin inhibitor, the(More)
Three 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (HCRIs), atorvastatin, pravastatin, and cerivastatin, inhibited phorbol ester-stimulated superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) formation in endothelium-intact segments of the rat aorta in a time- and concentration-dependent manner (maximum inhibition of 70% after 18 hours at 1 to 10(More)
BACKGROUND Transcriptional factors of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) family play an important role in orchestrating immune reactions. OBJECTIVE The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of STAT-1 in murine allergen-induced sensitization and development of airway inflammation (AI) and airway hyperreactivity(More)
AIMS Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) continues to be an unsolved clinical problem requiring the development of new therapeutic strategies. We have previously demonstrated that ex vivo donor allograft treatment with decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) targeting the transcription factors, activator protein-1 (AP-1) or signal transducer and activator of(More)
1. Formation of nitric oxide (NO) by the constitutive calcium-dependent NO synthase expressed in endothelial cells plays an important role in the control of local blood flow and vascular homeostasis. Expression of the inducible calcium-independent NO synthase (iNOS) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), on the other hand, is thought to play a potentially(More)
BACKGROUND CD154/CD40 interactions play a pivotal role both in humoral and cellular immune responses. Their involvement in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been revealed by increased expression of CD40 and CD154 in the inflamed mucosa of patients and the therapeutic effects of anti-CD154 antibodies in experimental colitis.(More)
We investigated the hypothesis that the antiatherosclerotic effect of 17beta-estradiol (E2) is due to a shift in the nitric oxide (NO)/superoxide (O2-) balance in the vessel wall, thereby increasing the bioavailability of NO. In human umbilical vein cultured endothelial cells, E2 (1-100 nmol/l), but not 17alpha-estradiol, caused a time- and(More)