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STUDY OBJECTIVE Pediatric intubation is a core paramedic skill in some emergency medical services (EMS) systems. The literature lacks a detailed examination of the challenges and subsequent adjustments made by paramedics when intubating children in the out-of-hospital setting. We undertake a descriptive evaluation of the process of out-of-hospital pediatric(More)
Transforaminal epidural steroid injections under fluoroscopy are an alternative treatment for lower back pain with radiculopathy. We followed 82 patients with a standardized telephone questionnaire at 2, 6, and 12 months after the first injection, in order to assess their effectiveness. Ninety-two patients with radiculopathic back pain due to spinal(More)
BACKGROUND Timing and preparation for tracheal extubation are as critical as the initial intubation. There are limited data on specific strategies for a planned extubation. The extent to which the difficult airway at reintubation contributes to patient morbidity is unknown. The aim of the present study was to describe the occurrence and complications of(More)
Prehospital pediatric care is an important component in the treatment of the injured child, as the prehospital responders are the first medical providers performing life saving and directed medical care. Traumatic injuries are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric patient population. Nevertheless, for most prehospital provider it is(More)
OBJECTIVES Endotracheal intubation success rates in the prehospital setting are variable. Our objective was to describe the challenges encountered and corrective actions taken during the process of endotracheal intubation by paramedics. DESIGN Analysis of prehospital airway management using a prospective registry that was linked to an emergency medical(More)
Regional anesthesia is an established method to provide analgesia for patients in the operating room and during the postoperative phase. While regional anesthesia offers unique advantages, as shown by the recent military experience, it is not commonly utilized in the prehospital or emergency department setting. Most often, regional anesthesia techniques for(More)
BACKGROUND Intensivists may be primarily responsible for airway management in non-operating room locations. Little is known of airway management training provided during fellowship.Our primary aim was to describe the current state of airway education in internal medicine-based critical care fellowship programs. METHODS Between February 1 and April 30,(More)
Prehospital trauma care developed over the last decades parallel in many countries. Most of the prehospital emergency medical systems relied on input or experiences from military medicine and were often modeled after the existing military procedures. Some systems were initially developed with the trauma patient in mind, while other systems were tailored for(More)
Since the introduction of cocaine in 1884, regional nerve block procedures have been used in anesthesia practice for over 100 years. While almost all medical specialties use simple regional anesthesia techniques, anesthesia providers use a wider variety of more specific nerve block techniques than any other speciality. Anesthesiologists have assumed a vital(More)