Andreas Gessner

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The molecular mechanism of action of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a cytokine with a critical role in the immune and inflammatory response, has not yet been identified. Here we report that MIF can function as an enzyme exhibiting thiol-protein oxidoreductase activity. Using a decapeptide fragment of MIF (MF1) spanning the conserved cysteine(More)
Significant advances in research on the immunopathogenesis of leishmaniasis include the discovery of novel putative evasion and survival strategies of Leishmania parasites, a more detailed understanding of the function and regulation of interleukin-12, definition of molecules involved in cognate interaction between macrophages and T cells and new ideas(More)
IL-4 receptor alpha-chain-deficient (IL-4Ralpha-/-) mice were generated by homologous and site-specific recombination, using the Cre/loxP system in BALB/c-derived embryonic stem cells. In vitro analysis of cells from these mice revealed impaired IL-4- and IL-13-mediated functions, demonstrating that the IL-4Ralpha-chain is an essential component of both the(More)
Currently, no easy and reliable methods allowing for the quantification of Borrelia burgdorferi in tissues of infected humans or animals are available. Due to the lack of suitable assays to detect B. burgdorferi CFU and the qualitative nature of the currently performed PCR assays, we decided to exploit the recently developed real-time PCR. This technology(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a product of activated T cells, anterior pituitary cells, and macrophages. MIF plays an important role in LPS-induced shock and delayed-type hypersensitivity. Furthermore, MIF exhibits a proinflammatory spectrum of action, promoting TNF-alpha production by macrophages, and counter-regulates glucocorticoid(More)
The chromosomal translocation t(4;11) marks infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia associated with a particularly dismal prognosis. The leukemogenic role of the corresponding fusion gene MLL-AF4 is not well understood. We show that transient inhibition of MLL-AF4 expression with small interfering RNAs impairs the proliferation and clonogenicity of the t(4;(More)
This study was performed to evaluate the soluble interleukin-4 receptor (sIL-4R) as a potential antagonist of interleukin-4 (IL-4) in an infectious disease. It is shown that antigen-triggered proliferation and cytokine secretion of Leishmania major-specific, cloned Th2 cells in vitro can be inhibited dose dependently by recombinant murine, but not control(More)
Only so-called "professional" antigen-presenting cells (APCs) of hematopoietic origin are believed capable of inducing T lymphocyte responses. However, fibroblasts transfected with viral proteins directly induced antiviral cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses in vivo, without involvement of host APCs. Fibroblasts induced T cells only in the milieu of lymphoid(More)
IL-4 is a pleiotropic cytokine which plays a pivotal role in shaping immune responses. The effects of IL-4 are mediated after binding to high affinity receptor complexes present on hematopoietic as well as non-hematopoietic cells. This review will summarize the current knowledge on the molecular structure of the different types of IL-4 receptor (IL-4R)(More)
In recent years, the Th1/Th2 concept has become of prime importance in the understanding of heterogeneous responses of the immune system and implications thereof for infectious and autoimmune diseases. Originally established on the basis of different cytokines produced by T cell clones, it is now known that the Th1/Th2 concept really defines totally(More)