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Segmentation of a vertebrate embryo begins with the subdivision of the paraxial mesoderm into somites through a not-well-understood process. Recent studies provided evidence that the Notch-Delta and the FGFR (fibroblast growth factor receptor) signalling pathways are required for segmentation. In addition, the Mesp family of bHLH transcription factors have(More)
We cloned and characterized the Drosophila homolog of mammalian Jun-N-terminal kinases (DJNK). We show that DJNK is encoded by basket (bsk). Like hemipterous (hep), which encodes the Drosophila JNK kinase, bsk is required in the embryo for dorsal closure, a process involving coordinate cell shape changes of ectodermal cells. Dorsal closure can also be(More)
The otic placode is a transient embryonic structure that gives rise to the inner ear. Although inductive signals for otic placode formation have been characterized, less is known about the molecules that respond to these signals within otic primordia. Here, we identify a mutation in zebrafish, hearsay, which disrupts the initiation of placode formation. We(More)
Sensory placodes are ectodermal thickenings that give rise to elements of the vertebrate cranial sensory nervous system, including the inner ear and nose. Although mutations have been described in humans, mice and zebrafish that perturb ear and nose development, no mutation is known to prevent sensory placode formation. Thus, it has been postulated that a(More)
This paper introduces Virtual Information Towers (VITs) as a concept for presenting and accessing location-aware information with mobile clients. A VIT is a means of struc-turing location-aware information, which is assigned to a certain geographical position while having a certain area of visibility. A user equipped with a mobile, wearable computer has(More)
BACKGROUND Radical oesophageal resection has until now been regarded as the gold standard for treatment in intraepithelial high-grade neoplasia or early adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus. However, the mortality and morbidity rates are substantial. DESIGN A new therapeutic approach involving low-risk endoscopic therapy modalities was examined in the(More)
We describe a novel hereditary cancer syndrome in the rat that is transmitted by a recessive gene mutation. Animals exhibiting the mutant phenotype develop multiple neuroendocrine malignancies within the first year of life. The endocrine neoplasia is characterized by bilateral adrenal pheochromocytoma, multiple extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma, bilateral(More)
Our understanding of how complex carbohydrates function during embryonic development is still very limited, primarily due to the large number of glycosyltransferases now known to be involved in their synthesis. To overcome these limitations, we have taken advantage of the zebrafish system to analyze the function of complex carbohydrates during development(More)
In zebrafish, BMP signaling establishes cell identity along the dorsoventral (DV) axis during gastrulation. Owing to the early requirements of BMP activity in DV patterning, it has been difficult to assign later roles in cell fate specification to specific BMP ligands. In this study, we have taken advantage of two follistatin-like genes (fstl1 and fstl2),(More)
The zebrafish muscle segment homeobox genes msxB, msxC and msxE are expressed in partially overlapping domains in the neural crest and preplacodal ectoderm. We examined the roles of these msx genes in early development. Disrupting individual msx genes causes modest variable defects, whereas disrupting all three produces a reproducible severe phenotype,(More)