Andreas Friebe

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It took at least a decade to realize that the toxic gas NO is the physiological activator of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC), thereby acting as a signaling molecule in the nervous and cardiovascular systems. Despite its rather poor sGC-activating property, CO has also been implicated as a physiological stimulator of sGC in neurotransmission and(More)
The signaling molecule nitric oxide (NO) acts as physiological activator of NO-sensitive guanylyl cyclase (NO-GC) in the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and nervous systems. Two isoforms of NO-GC are known to exist on the protein level. The enzyme is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (alpha(1) or alpha(2)) and a beta subunit (beta(1)). Strategies for(More)
By the formation of the second messenger cGMP, NO-sensitive guanylyl cyclase (GC) plays a key role within the NO/cGMP signaling cascade which participates in vascular regulation and neurotransmission. The enzyme contains a prosthetic heme group that acts as the acceptor site for NO. High affinity binding of NO to the heme moiety leads to an up to 200-fold(More)
1 Carbon monoxide (CO), one of the end products of heme catabolism by heme oxygenase, possesses antihypertensive and vasodilatory characteristics. We have recently discovered that certain transition metal carbonyls are capable of releasing CO in biological fluids and modulate physiological functions via the delivery of CO. Because the initial compounds(More)
In this review, we outline the current knowledge on the regulation of nitric oxide (NO)-sensitive guanylyl cyclase (GC). Besides NO, the physiological activator that binds to the prosthetic heme group of the enzyme, two novel classes of GC activators have been identified that may have broad pharmacological implications. YC-1 and YC-1-like substances act as(More)
In the vascular system, the receptor for the signaling molecule NO, guanylyl cyclase (GC), mediates smooth muscle relaxation and inhibition of platelet aggregation by increasing intracellular cyclic GMP (cGMP) concentration. The heterodimeric GC exists in 2 isoforms (alpha1-GC, alpha2-GC) with indistinguishable regulatory properties. Here, we used mice(More)
In platelets, the nitric oxide (NO)-induced cGMP response is indicative of a highly regulated interplay of cGMP formation and cGMP degradation. Recently, we showed that within the NO-induced cGMP response in human platelets, activation and phosphorylation of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) occurred. Here, we identify cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase I as(More)
The signaling molecule nitric oxide (NO) mediates many of its effects by the stimulation of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC). The activation process is initiated by high-affinity binding of NO to the enzyme's prosthetic heme group. Despite its poor sGC-activating properties, carbon monoxide (CO) has also been suggested as a physiological activator of sGC.(More)
The signaling molecule nitric oxide (NO), first described as endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF), acts as physiological activator of NO-sensitive guanylyl cyclase (NO-GC) in the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems. Besides NO-GC, other NO targets have been proposed; however, their particular contribution still remains unclear. Here,(More)
A large body of evidence indicates that the release of nitric oxide (NO) is crucial for the central sensitization of pain pathways during both inflammatory and neuropathic pain. Here, we investigated the distribution of NO-sensitive guanylyl cyclase (NO-GC) in the spinal cord and in dorsal root ganglia, and we characterized the nociceptive behavior of mice(More)