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In this work we test the hypothesis that yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) can be enhanced by increasing endosperm activity of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGP), a key enzyme in starch biosynthesis. The potential for increases in yield exist because rice initiates more seeds than are taken to maturity and possesses excess photosynthetic capacity that could(More)
The Delta-Notch signaling pathway plays a central role in the development of most vertebrate organs. The Hey family of bHLH transcription factors are direct targets of Notch signaling. Loss of Hey2 in the mouse leads to cardiac defects with high postnatal lethality. We have now generated a mouse Hey1 knockout that has no apparent phenotypic defect. The(More)
To identify genes involved in the regulation and execution of leaf senescence and whole-plant nitrogen reallocation, near-isogenic barley germplasm divergent in senescence timing and protein concentration of mature grains was contrasted. Barley lines differing in allelic state at a major locus on chromosome six, controlling grain protein concentration, were(More)
Congenital heart defects affect almost 1% of human newborns. Recently, mutations in Notch ligands and receptors have been found to cause a variety of heart defects in rodents and humans. However, the molecular effects downstream of Notch are still poorly understood. Here we report that combined inactivation of Hey1 and HeyL, two primary target genes of(More)
Adequate response to low oxygen levels (hypoxia) by hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) is essential for normal development and physiology, but this pathway may also contribute to pathological processes like tumor angiogenesis. Here we show that hypoxia is an inducer of Notch signaling. Hypoxic conditions lead to induction of the Notch ligand Dll4 and the Notch(More)
Plant cell vacuoles may have either storage or degradative functions. Vegetative storage proteins (VSPs) are synthesized in response to wounding and to developmental switches that affect carbon and nitrogen sinks. Here we show that VSPs are stored in a unique type of vacuole that is derived from degradative central vacuoles coincident with insertion of a(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are frequent vascular abnormalities caused by mutations in one of the CCM genes. CCM1 (also known as KRIT1) stabilizes endothelial junctions and is essential for vascular morphogenesis in mouse embryos. However, cellular functions of CCM1 during the early steps of the CCM pathogenesis remain unknown. We show here that(More)
One hundred fifteen patients with nonunions or delayed fracture healing were treated with high-energy shock waves. After shock wave treatment, immobilization of the fracture also was done. The followup was at least 3 months and as long as 4 years. In 87 patients (75.7%), one treatment with shock waves resulted in bony consolidation with a simultaneous(More)
Kidney transplant rejections are classified into T-cell-mediated and antibody-mediated rejections (AMR). C4d staining on allograft biopsies and solid-phase assays to measure donor-specific alloantibodies have helped to precisely define the latter. Although for acute AMRs, therapy mainly relies on plasmapheresis or immunoadsorption, no studies for treatment(More)
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT)-resistant Staphylococcus aureus thymidine-dependent small-colony variants (TD-SCVs) are frequently isolated from the airways of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, often in combination with isogenic normal strains if patients were treated with SXT for extended periods. As SXT inhibits the synthesis of tetrahydrofolic acid,(More)