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"Sniffin' Sticks" is a test of nasal chemosensory performance that is based on penlike odor-dispensing devices. It is comprised of three tests of olfactory function: tests for odor threshold, discrimination and identification. Previous work has already established its test-retest reliability and validity in comparison to established measures of olfactory(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the consequences of olfactory loss and explore specific questions related to the effect of duration of olfactory loss, degree of olfactory sensitivity, and cause of the olfactory loss. PATIENTS A total of 278 consecutive patients with hyposmia or anosmia were examined. RESULTS Causes of olfactory loss were categorized as(More)
Assessment of gustatory sensitivity in a clinical setting is the prerequisite for correct diagnosis and adequate treatment of taste dysfunction. Despite of this, no taste test has been established for the routine clinical testing. The aim of the present study was to create a protocol which is easy to administer. The presently used technique is based on(More)
The treatment of non-conductive olfactory disorders is to a large extent an unsolved problem. This proof-of-concept study focused on possible effects of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist caroverine. Potential mechanisms for the hypothesized effect included reduced feedback inhibition in the olfactory bulb as a consequence of NMDA antagonistic(More)
Allergic nasal hyperreactivity is a common problem and many patients suffer from daily symptoms. Rhinomanometry is so far the only well established clinical method for objective assessment of nasal patency, although several expressions of nasal patency have been reported. Universal standardisation was achieved in 1983 in Brussels by Clement et al. [1], but(More)
Despite extensive educational and protective measures, acute acoustic trauma continues to be a major problem in young military recruits. This retrospective study concern conscripts from eastern Austria who were referred to the Central Military Hospital for acute acoustic trauma (AAT) during the last 18 months. The study was designed to provide information(More)
Epistaxis and hypertension are frequent in the general population, but an association is still controversial. Aim of this retrospective cohort study was to test if active epistaxis at emergency department (ED) presentation is associated with hypertension. Patients with active epistaxis at ED presentation (n = 271; 73%) were compared with controls without(More)
INTRODUCTION Olfactory dysfunction has been reported to affect more than 200,000 patients a year in the USA. The aim of this survey was to obtain comparable epidemiological data and treatment information on olfactory dysfunction in German speaking countries. METHODS Questionnaires were sent to all otorhinolaryngology departments in Germany, Austria and(More)
Non-Hodgkins' lymphomas are relatively common tumors in the head and neck and should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of any mass lesion in this region, especially in cases with single enlarged lymphnodes of unknown origin and symptoms that can only be explained by metastasis. The diagnosis is usually established by multidisciplinary(More)
OBJECTIVES Olfactory meningiomas are rare benign tumours and represent about 12% of all basal meningiomas. Anosmia is thought to be among the first symptoms, even though patients often present with headaches or visual problems. However, so far no detailed psychophysical tests of olfactory function have been performed in a large number of those patients. (More)