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"Sniffin' Sticks" is a test of nasal chemosensory performance that is based on penlike odor-dispensing devices. It is comprised of three tests of olfactory function: tests for odor threshold, discrimination and identification. Previous work has already established its test-retest reliability and validity in comparison to established measures of olfactory(More)
Assessment of gustatory sensitivity in a clinical setting is the prerequisite for correct diagnosis and adequate treatment of taste dysfunction. Despite of this, no taste test has been established for the routine clinical testing. The aim of the present study was to create a protocol which is easy to administer. The presently used technique is based on(More)
OBJECTIVES Olfactory meningiomas are rare benign tumours and represent about 12% of all basal meningiomas. Anosmia is thought to be among the first symptoms, even though patients often present with headaches or visual problems. However, so far no detailed psychophysical tests of olfactory function have been performed in a large number of those patients. (More)
The treatment of non-conductive olfactory disorders is to a large extent an unsolved problem. This proof-of-concept study focused on possible effects of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist caroverine. Potential mechanisms for the hypothesized effect included reduced feedback inhibition in the olfactory bulb as a consequence of NMDA antagonistic(More)
The aim of this study was to reinvestigate previous reports of chemosensory dysfunction in HIV-positive subjects. Odor thresholds, odor discrimination and odor identification were assessed using the Sniffin' Sticks test battery. Seventy-four HIV-positive patients were tested. According to CDC criteria, 38 subjects were classified as stage A, 10 as stage B(More)
BACKGROUND Cirrhosis of the liver (CL) has been reported to be accompanied by olfactory loss. The aim of the present study was to re-investigate previous work with a special focus on differential olfactory function, the relation between CL etiology and olfactory function, and the correlations between laboratory/psychological parameters and olfactory(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate dose-related effects of ephedrine on olfactory function in healthy subjects. DESIGN Placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind study. METHODS Drug effects were assessed using olfactory and trigeminal psychophysical measures (intensity ratings, odor discrimination, butanol and formic acid thresholds); nasal patency was assessed(More)
Despite extensive educational and protective measures, acute acoustic trauma continues to be a major problem in young military recruits. This retrospective study concern conscripts from eastern Austria who were referred to the Central Military Hospital for acute acoustic trauma (AAT) during the last 18 months. The study was designed to provide information(More)
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