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The blood-brain tumor barrier (BTB) significantly limits delivery of therapeutic concentrations of chemotherapy to brain tumors. A novel approach to selectively increase drug delivery is pharmacologic modulation of signaling molecules that regulate BTB permeability, such as those in cGMP signaling. Here we show that oral administration of sildenafil(More)
BACKGROUND Surgery is the gold standard of lung carcinoid treatment. However, bronchoscopic treatment may provide a complete cure in selected patients. The aim of the study was to review the results of laser treatment of bronchial carcinoids and to compare the outcome after laser resection against the outcome after surgical resection. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Haemodynamic instability during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) may appear rapidly, and continuous monitoring of the cardiac index (CI) during the procedure is advisable. With the PiCCO monitor, CI can be measured continuously and almost real time with pulse-contour analysis and intermittently with transthoracic thermodilution.(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify reliable predictors of outcome in comatose patients after cardiac arrest using a single routine EEG and standardized interpretation according to the terminology proposed by the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society. METHODS In this cohort study, 4 EEG specialists, blinded to outcome, evaluated prospectively recorded EEGs in the(More)
OBJECTIVES Cardiovascular failure is an important feature of severe sepsis and mortality in sepsis. The aim of our study was to explore myocardial dysfunction in severe sepsis. DESIGN Prospective experimental study. SETTING Operating room at Intervention Centre, Oslo University Hospital. SUBJECTS Eight Norwegian Landrace pigs. INTERVENTIONS The pigs(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic hypothermia is used after cardiac arrest. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of therapeutic hypothermia on left ventricular (LV) function assessed by ultrasonic imaging. METHODS In 10 pigs, LV volumes, ejection fractions, and longitudinal strain were measured using two-dimensional echocardiography. Midwall(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of myocardial ischaemia during and after cardiac surgery remains a challenge. Echocardiography is more sensitive in ischaemia detection than echocardiography (ECG) and haemodynamic monitoring, but demands repeated examinations for monitoring over time. We have developed and validated an ultrasonic system that permits continuous(More)
OBJECTIVES Preservation of left ventricular (LV) function is crucial for a beneficial outcome in high-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The present study evaluated a motion sensor (accelerometer) for continuous monitoring of LV performance during changes in global and regional LV function. METHODS In 11 pigs, an accelerometer was sutured to the(More)
OBJECTIVES Cardiac wall motions reflect systolic and diastolic function. We have previously demonstrated the ability of a miniaturized three-axis (3D) accelerometer to monitor left ventricular function in experimental models and in patients. The main aim of this study was to investigate the clinical utility of the method for monitoring the left and right(More)