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DNA methylation is a dynamic epigenetic mark that undergoes extensive changes during differentiation of self-renewing stem cells. However, whether these changes are the cause or consequence of stem cell fate remains unknown. Here, we show that alternative functional programs of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are governed by gradual differences in(More)
Tumour cell adhesion within the microvasculature of host organs, its stabilisation and cell invasion into the host organs, appear to be important steps in the formation of distant metastases. Intravital fluorescence-video microscopy was used to investigate the early steps in metastasis formation of colon carcinoma cells within the liver, which is the main(More)
Tumor cell adhesion within host organ microvasculature, its stabilization and invasion into host organ parenchyma appear to be important steps during formation of distant metastasis. These interactions of circulating tumor cells with the host organs occur in the presence of fluid shear forces and soluble and cellular environmental conditions of the blood(More)
Tumor cells can show different malignant properties regarding their ability for organ-specific metastasis formation. Their adhesive and invasive characteristics mediated by various cell adhesion molecules appear to be crucial for this process. Using intravital fluorescence microscopy, we analyzed the adhesive and invasive interactions of circulating human(More)
The activated B-cell-like (ABC) subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) correlates with poor prognosis. The ABC subtype of DLBCL is associated with constitutive activation of the NF-κB pathway, and oncogenic lesions have been identified in its regulators, including CARD11/CARMA1 (caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 11), A20/TNFAIP3, and(More)
Early metastasis and infiltration are survival limiting characteristics of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Thus, PDAC is likely to harbor alterations in metastasis suppressor genes that may provide novel diagnostic and therapeutic opportunities. This study investigates a panel of metastasis suppressor genes in correlation to PDAC phenotype and(More)
To form clinically evident metastases--the main cause of death in cancer patients--, tumor cells (TC) must complete a highly complex series of steps called the metastatic cascade, including local invasiveness, intravasation, circulation, adhesion and extravasation, survival, proliferation and angiogenesis. Since failure of any one of these steps results in(More)
Adhesive and invasive characteristics appear to be crucial for organ-specific metastasis formation. Using intravital microscopy we investigated the relation between the metastatic potential of colon carcinoma cells and their adhesive and invasive behavior during early steps of metastasis within microvasculatures of rat liver, lung, intestine, skin, muscle,(More)
Organ-specific tumor cell adhesion to extracellular matrix (ECM) components and cell migration into host organs often involve integrin-mediated cellular processes that can be modified by environmental conditions acting on metastasizing tumor cells, such as shear forces within the blood circulation. Since the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) appears to be(More)
Author manuscripts have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication but have not yet been edited. Abstract The activated B-cell-like (ABC) subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) correlates with poor prognosis. The ABC subtype of DLBCL is associated with constitutive activation of the NF-kB pathway and oncogenic lesions have been identified in(More)
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