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An unequal decrease in cholinergic activity has been evidenced in discrete brain areas in the growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone and prolactin deficient Snell dwarf mouse. The effect of the mutation's pituitary deficit on central cholinergic mechanisms appears to be selective: Normally high cholinergic activity areas such as striatum, olfactory(More)
Spectral quality in (1)H MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) of the brain is often significantly degraded in regions subject to local magnetic susceptibility variations, which results in broadened and distorted spectral lineshapes. In this report, a modified acquisition strategy for volumetric echo-planar spectroscopic imaging (3D EPSI) is presented that(More)
The hypothesis that the genetically determined behavioural differences which exist between the inbred mouse strains Balb/c, DBA/2 and C57Bl/6 may be related to differences in acetylcholine metabolism in certain regions of the brain has been tested. In vivo ACh turnover rates have been measured in three regions (hippocampus, caudate nucleus and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Poor clinical outcomes without notable neuroimaging findings after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) suggest diffuse tissue damage and altered metabolism not observable with conventional MR imaging and CT. In this study, MTBI-associated metabolic changes were assessed over the entire brain by using volumetric proton MR spectroscopic(More)
Effects of growth and thyroid hormone therapy on central cholinergic neurotransmission has been followed in the cholinergic-deficient Snell dwarf mouse. Growth hormone and thyroxine can reverse the neurotransmission impairment even in adulthood. Furthermore, it appears that in the dw/dw mouse, hormone deficiency becomes determinant only after the critical(More)
Spectral quality in 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) critically depends on the stability of the main magnetic field. For echo-planar MRSI implemented at 3 T, temperature variation in the passive steel shims of the magnet system can lead to a significant drift in the resonance frequency. A method is presented that incorporates interleaved(More)
Image reconstruction for magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) requires specialized spatial and spectral data processing methods and benefits from the use of several sources of prior information that are not commonly available, including MRI-derived tissue segmentation, morphological analysis and spectral characteristics of the observed(More)
Improved diagnosis and treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are needed for our military and veterans, their families, and society at large. Advances in brain imaging offer important biomarkers of structural, functional, and metabolic information concerning the brain. This article reviews the application of(More)
For many clinical applications of proton MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) of the brain, diagnostic assessment is limited by insufficient coverage provided by single- or multislice acquisition methods as well as by the use of volume preselection methods. Additionally, traditional spectral analysis methods may limit the operator to detailed analysis of only a(More)
High-spatial-resolution acquisition (HR) was previously proposed for 3D echo-planar spectroscopic imaging (EPSI) in combination with a high-spatial-resolution water reference EPSI data set to minimize inhomogeneous spectral line broadening, allowing for local frequency shift (B(0) shift) correction in human brain metabolite maps at 1.5 T (Ebel A et al.,(More)