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The biocatalytic production of flavor naturals that determine chemosensory percepts of foods and beverages is an ever challenging target for academic and industrial research. Advances in chemical trace analysis and post-genomic progress at the chemistry-biology interface revealed odor qualities of nature's chemosensory entities to be defined by(More)
Amino acids and peptides represent important flavor molecules eliciting various taste sensations. Here, we present a comprehensive assessment of the interaction of various peptides and all proteinogenic amino acids with the 25 human TAS2Rs expressed in cell lines. L-Phenylalanine and L-tryptophan activate TAS2R1 and TAS2R4, respectively, whereas TAS2R4 and(More)
Habitual consumption of medium amounts of coffee over the whole life-span is hypothesized to reduce the risk to develop diabetes type 2 (DM2) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). To identify putative bioactive coffee-derived metabolites, first, pooled urine from coffee drinkers and non-coffee drinkers were screened by UPLC-HDMS. After statistical data analysis,(More)
Intracerebral infection of susceptible strains of mice with Theiler's virus, a picornavirus, results in central nervous system demyelination, which is similar to multiple sclerosis. Immunogenetic experiments indicate that the MHC (H-2) and, in particular, the D region that controls class I-restricted immune responses, is an important determinant to(More)
Comparative sensory analysis revealed that a 44-week-matured Gouda cheese (GC44) exhibited a much more pronounced mouthfulness and long-lasting taste complexity when compared to a young Gouda cheese ripened for only 4 weeks (GC4). To identify the molecules underlying that so-called kokumi sensation, a sensomics approach was applied on the water-soluble(More)
Sensory-directed fractionation of traditional balsamic vinegar of Modena (TBV) led to the identification of the sweet-bitter tasting hexose acetates 6-O-acetyl-α/β-d-glucopyranose and 1-O-acetyl-β-d-fructopyranose as well as the previously unknown sweetness modulator 5-acetoxymethyl-2-furaldehyde. Taste re-engineering experiments and sensory time-intensity(More)
Addition of a nearly tasteless aqueous extract isolated from beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to a model chicken broth enhanced its mouthfulness and complexity and induced a much more long-lasting savory taste sensation on the tongue. Gel permeation chromatography and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography/comparative taste dilution analysis(More)
Taste perception elicited by food constituents and facilitated by sensory cells in the oral cavity is important for the survival of organisms. In addition to the five basic taste modalities, sweet, umami, bitter, sour, and salty, orosensory perception of stimuli such as fat constituents is intensely investigated. Experiments in rodents and humans suggest(More)
Although morel mushrooms are widely used as tasty ingredients in savory dishes, knowledge of the key compounds evoking their attractive taste is still very fragmentary. In the present study, taste activity-guided fractionation of an aqueous morel extract by means of the recently developed taste dilution analysis (TDA) enabled the localization of several(More)
Quantitative analysis of the bioactives trigonelline (1), N-methylpyridinium (2), caffeine (3), and caffeoylquinic acids (4) in a large set of roasted Arabica (total sample size n = 113) and Robusta coffees (total sample size n = 38) revealed that the concentrations of 1 and 4 significantly correlated with the roasting color (P < 0.001, two tailed), whereas(More)