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Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional spinal deformity. Brace treatment is a common non-surgical treatment, intended to prevent progression (worsening) of the condition during adolescence. Estimating a braced patient’s risk of progression is an essential part of planning treatment, so method for predicting this risk would be a useful(More)
Objectives There is a short period during rapid growth when a scolio-sis brace is most effective. In standard practice, the in-brace correction is not measured during brace casting. The first assessment of the in-brace correction in the follow up clinic may trigger brace adjustment for improved spinal alignment resulting in delay of effective treatment and(More)
O1 The functional properties of paraspinal muscles in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS): A systematic review of the literature Introduction: Exercise-based approaches exist; however, it is unclear whether these approaches are based on scientific findings in the literature on trunk muscle deficits in scoliosis that could be targeted by exercises.(More)
Objective To validate smartphone inclinometer tools to measure rib hump in scoliosis patients. Inclinometer tools in smartphones can be used to measure angles. Spinologics (Montreal, Canada), designed an iPhone application called Scolioscreen along with a rubber sleeve that can be placed on the iPhone to take rib hump measurements. To ensure the new(More)
BACKGROUND Brace treatment is the most effective non-surgical treatment for AIS. High initial in-brace correction increases successful brace treatment outcomes. The objective of this study was to investigate if real-time ultrasound (US) can aid orthotists in selecting the pad pressure level and location resulting in optimal in-brace correction of the spine.(More)
Objectives This work measured the magnitude and distance between pressures applied to the torso of AIS patients by an ortho-tist during brace casting. The instantaneous effect of the pressure configuration on Cobb angle was investigated using ultrasound. The objective was to use real-time measurements to confirm that pressure configuration affects Cobb(More)
The outcomes of brace treatment for scoliosis depend on how the brace is used. Simply prescribing a brace does not mean it will be worn properly. A smart brace has been developed to control the brace wear tightness with the expectation that appropriately worn braces will improve outcomes. Twelve brace candidates (10F; 2M) agreed to participate into this(More)
The tightness of an orthosis for the treatment of scoliosis varies greatly during daily activities. To be effective the orthosis should be maintained at the prescribed tightness to optimize the active component of objective treatment. Subjective feeling is the most commonly used method to evaluate how patients tighten their orthoses. To provide an objective(More)
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