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We present a neural stimulator chip with an output stage (electrode driving circuit) that is fail-safe under single-fault conditions without the need for off-chip blocking-capacitors. To miniaturize the stimulator output stage two novel techniques are introduced. The first technique is a new current generator circuit reducing to a single step the(More)
—Two prior-art transconductance amplifier-based rail-to-rail class-AB analog buffers are examined. Their analysis reveals that the output current drive capability for large input voltages is restricted. To mitigate this drawback, a relatively simple slew-rate enhancement scheme is proposed. The new scheme allows the buffer's speed to be increased by over(More)
A CMOS analog buffer with high output drivability is presented. The buffer combines class-AB operation with rail-to-rail signal swing. A new adaptive biasing scheme is proposed with low complexity, thereby allowing the construction of a very compact, low-power analog voltage buffer with wide bandwidth and high slew rate. Simulated results using a 0.35-mum(More)
Information extracted from whole-nerve electroneurograms, recorded using electrode cuffs, can provide signals to neuroprostheses. However, the amount of information that can be extracted from a single tripole is limited. This communication demonstrates how previously unavailable information about the direction of action potential propagation and velocity(More)
Vestibular disorders can cause severe problems including nausea, inability to concentrate, and visual deficits. The CLONS project is developing a closed-loop sensory neural prosthesis to alleviate these symptoms. Conceptually, the prosthesis restores vestibular information by stimulating the semicircular canals according to measurements from inertial(More)
Two integrated nerve stimulator circuits are described. Both generate passively charge-balanced biphasic stimulating pulses of 1 to 16 mA with 10-¿s to 1-ms widths from 6- to 24-V supplies for implanted book electrodes. In both circuits, the electrodes are floating during the passive discharge anywhere within the range of the power rails, which may be up to(More)