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We present a neural stimulator chip with an output stage (electrode driving circuit) that is fail-safe under single-fault conditions without the need for off-chip blocking-capacitors. To miniaturize the stimulator output stage two novel techniques are introduced. The first technique is a new current generator circuit reducing to a single step the(More)
—Two prior-art transconductance amplifier-based rail-to-rail class-AB analog buffers are examined. Their analysis reveals that the output current drive capability for large input voltages is restricted. To mitigate this drawback, a relatively simple slew-rate enhancement scheme is proposed. The new scheme allows the buffer's speed to be increased by over(More)
A CMOS analog buffer with high output drivability is presented. The buffer combines class-AB operation with rail-to-rail signal swing. A new adaptive biasing scheme is proposed with low complexity, thereby allowing the construction of a very compact, low-power analog voltage buffer with wide bandwidth and high slew rate. Simulated results using a 0.35-mum(More)
Information extracted from whole-nerve electroneurograms, recorded using electrode cuffs, can provide signals to neuroprostheses. However, the amount of information that can be extracted from a single tripole is limited. This communication demonstrates how previously unavailable information about the direction of action potential propagation and velocity(More)
Two integrated nerve stimulator circuits are described. Both generate passively charge-balanced biphasic stimulating pulses of 1 to 16 mA with 10-¿s to 1-ms widths from 6- to 24-V supplies for implanted book electrodes. In both circuits, the electrodes are floating during the passive discharge anywhere within the range of the power rails, which may be up to(More)
—This paper describes the design of an adaptive control system for recording neural signals from tripolar cuff electrodes. The control system is based on an adaptive version of the true-tripole amplifier configuration and was developed to compensate for possible errors in the cuff electrode balance by continuously adjusting the gains of the two differential(More)
One reason given for placing capacitors in series with stimulation electrodes is that they prevent direct current flow and therefore tissue damage under fault conditions. We show that this is not true for multiplexed multi-channel stimulators with one capacitor per channel. A test bench of two stimulation channels, two stimulation tripoles and a saline bath(More)