Andreas Degenhardt

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Red pigments were isolated from wine and grape-skin extracts using preparative high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC) and identified by NMR and MS techniques. Four solvent systems were developed in order to separate anthocyanins with different polarities. Malvidin-3-glucoside was the major component present in young red wines, and up to 500 mg of(More)
The all-liquid chromatographic technique of high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC) has been applied for separations of anthocyanins. The biphasic mixture of tert-butyl methyl ether/n-butanol/acetonitrile/water (2:2:1:5) acidified with trifluoroacetic acid was found to be a suitable solvent system for anthocyanin separation. In some cases,(More)
High-speed counter-current chromatography was successfully used for the isolation and purification of secoisolariciresinol diglucoside, a bioactive lignan from flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). The solvent system consisted of tert.-butylmethyl ether-n-butanol-acetonitrile-water (1:3:1:5). The purity and identity of the isolated compound was checked by(More)
High-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC) was applied to the separation of polyphenols from tea leaves (Camellia sinensis L.). The capability of HSCCC to isolate pure tea polyphenols from complex mixtures on a preparative scale was demonstrated for catechins, flavonol glycosides, proanthocyanidins, and strictinin from green and black tea. The purity(More)
The cyclization mechanism of (E)-2,6-dimethyl-6-hydroxyocta-2,7-dienoic acid to wine lactone under acidic aqueous conditions was investigated using the two stereoselectively deuterium-labeled precursors (2E,6R,7Z)-[8-2H]-2,6-dimethyl-6-hydroxyocta-2,7-dienoic acid and (2E,7E)-(+/-)-[8-2H]-2,6-dimethyl-6-hydroxyocta-2,7-dienoic acid. A detailed analysis of(More)
Sequential application of solvent extraction and RP-HPLC in combination with taste dilution analyses (TDA) and comparative TDA, followed by LC-MS and 1D/2D NMR experiments, led to the discovery of 10 C(17)-C(21) oxylipins with 1,2,4-trihydroxy-, 1-acetoxy-2,4-dihydroxy-, and 1-acetoxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxo motifs, respectively, besides 1-O-stearoyl-glycerol and(More)
Different tubing geometries were evaluated for use in high-speed counter-current chromatography. Standard round tubing was compared to rectangular and twisted rectangular tubing. The number of theoretical plates for a standard anthocyanin mixture from black currant was determined for each experiment. The results of twisted rectangular tubing were superior(More)
Isolation of theaflavins and epitheaflavic acids from black tea using high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC) on a preparative scale is demonstrated. HSCCC also enabled the isolation of a polymeric fraction from black tea. According to Roberts' classification, the polymeric fraction mainly consisted of SII thearubigins (TR). HPLC analysis showed(More)
A novel chromatographic system was developed and first applied to the fractionation of polymeric pigments from black tea and red wine. Centrifugal precipitation chromatography (CPC) generates solvent gradients through a long separation channel under a centrifugal force field. Tea and wine extracts are precipitated in a hexane- or methyl tert-butyl(More)