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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding regulatory RNAs that reduce stability and/or translation of fully or partially sequence-complementary target mRNAs. In order to identify miRNAs and to assess their expression patterns, we sequenced over 250 small RNA libraries from 26 different organ systems and cell types of human and rodents that were enriched in(More)
The lipid bilayer of the myelin membrane of the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) contains the oligodendrocyte- and Schwann cell-specific glycosphingolipids galactocerebrosides (GalC) and GalC-derived sulfatides (sGalC). We have generated a UDP-galactose ceramide galactosyltransferase (CGT) null mutant mouse (cgt-/-) with(More)
Olfactory bulb (OB) neurogenesis generates neurons that use GABA or dopamine as their neurotransmitters throughout life. Regionalized stem cell populations in the periventricular zone (PVZ) of the lateral ventricles (LVs) have been shown to be at the basis of neuronal diversity in the system. For example dopaminergic neurons arise predominantly from neural(More)
After their generation and specification in periventricular regions, neuronal precursors maintain an immature and migratory state until their arrival in the respective target structures. Only here are terminal differentiation and synaptic integration induced. Although the molecular control of neuronal specification has started to be elucidated, little is(More)
Oligodendrocytes and Schwann cell-specific proteins are assembled with a highly ordered membrane lipid bilayer to the myelin sheath of axons, which functions as an insulator and allows rapid saltatory conduction. We approached the question of the function of the CNS and PNS myelin-specific galactospingolipids cerebrosides and sulfatides by generating a(More)
In the adult mouse forebrain, large numbers of neuronal precursors, destined to become GABA- and dopamine-producing interneurons of the olfactory bulb (OB), are generated in the subventricular zone (SVZ). Although this neurogenic system represents a potential reservoir of stem and progenitor cells for brain repair approaches, information about the survival(More)
The progeny of neural stem cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the adult mammalian brain consists in polysialylated NCAM-expressing immature neurons (PSA(+) cells), which migrate to the olfactory bulb (OB) to differentiate into GABAergic interneurons. We purified murine PSA(+) cells directly from the adult brain by FACS and analyzed their gene(More)
Ethanol may act at the enkephalinergic receptor level through condensation products such as salsolinol. This fact has been demonstrated by studying the 'in vitro' and 'in vivo' salsolinol interaction on enkephalinergic receptor sites labeled by [3H-Met] enkephalin. The modification induced by chronic ethanol and salsolinol on this neuronal system is a(More)
Within the nervous system, hundreds of neuronal and glial cell types have been described. Each specific cell type in the brain or spinal cord has a repertoire of cell surface molecules, or molecular determinants, through which it can be identified and characterized. Currently, robust cell identification and separation technologies require single-cell(More)