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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. Neither the natural history of AF nor its response to therapy are sufficiently predictable by clinical and echocardiographic parameters. Atrial fibrillatory frequency (or rate) can reliably be assessed from the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) using digital signal(More)
This paper reviews the current status of principal component analysis in the area of ECG signal processing. The fundamentals of PCA are briefly described and the relationship between PCA and Karhunen-Lò eve transform is explained. Aspects on PCA related to data with temporal and spatial correlations are considered as adaptive estimation of principal(More)
This pilot study investigated the association between heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and anti-HSP70 antibodies as well as their changes and rhythm outcome after atrial fibrillation (AF) catheter ablation. We studied 67 patients with AF (59±11 years, 66% male, 66% lone AF) undergoing catheter ablation. Circulating HSP70 and anti-HSP70 antibody levels were(More)
A novel method for characterization of f-wave morphology in atrial fibrillation (AF) is presented. The method decomposes atrial activity into fundamental and harmonic components, dividing each component into short blocks for which the amplitudes, frequencies, and phases are estimated. The phase delays between the fundamental and each of the harmonics, here(More)
AIMS This study investigated the possible association between hs-CRP as well as hs-CRP changes and rhythm outcome after AF catheter ablation. METHODS We studied 68 consecutive patients with AF undergoing catheter ablation. hs-CRP levels were measured using commercially available assays before and 6 months after catheter ablation. Serial 7-day Holter ECGs(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop techniques to quantify the propagation pattern of the electrical activation during atrial fibrillation (AF) along a one-dimensional catheter. Taking intra-atrial signal organization aspects into account, the atrial activations are detected and combined into wavefronts. Parameters describing wavefront consistency and(More)
AIMS Implantable loop recorders (ILRs) with specific atrial fibrillation (AF) detection algorithms (ILR-AF) have been developed for continuous AF monitoring. We sought to analyse the clinical value of a new AF monitoring device and to compare it to serial 7-day Holter. METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty-four consecutive patients suffering from paroxysmal AF were(More)
The ventricular response during atrial fibrillation (AF) presents particular characteristics that may play a relevant role in the selection of the most appropriate treatment. Using different ECG signal processing techniques such as RR histogram analysis or histographic Poincaré plots (PPs) (so-called 3-D PPs), clusters of RR intervals due to preferential(More)
The present study deals with detection of intra-atrial wavefronts from atrial activation times in adjacent bipolar electrograms. A statistic of the delays within each wave-front was calculated and served as a basis for quantifying the wavefront consistency as well as the propagation of the electrical activity along the catheter. The database consisted of 19(More)