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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. Neither the natural history of AF nor its response to therapy are sufficiently predictable by clinical and echocardiographic parameters. Atrial fibrillatory frequency (or rate) can reliably be assessed from the surface electrocardiogram (ECG) using digital signal(More)
This paper reviews the current status of principal component analysis in the area of ECG signal processing. The fundamentals of PCA are briefly described and the relationship between PCA and Karhunen-Lò eve transform is explained. Aspects on PCA related to data with temporal and spatial correlations are considered as adaptive estimation of principal(More)
BACKGROUND There remains a lack of consensus regarding the ideal ablation strategy for atrial fibrillation (AF), particularly in patients with persistent or longstanding persistent AF. Given increasing evidence from clinical imaging studies that rotors sustain AF, rotor elimination may be a desirable procedural endpoint. However, there is no description to(More)
OBJECTIVES This study tested the hypothesis that chromosome 4q25 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associate with atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after catheter ablation. BACKGROUND Recent genome-wide association studies identified 2 SNPs on chromosome 4q25 associated with AF. Although the mechanisms underlying this increased risk are unknown,(More)
By recognizing and characterizing conditions under which atrial fibrillation (AF) is likely to terminate spontaneously or be sustained, improved treatment of sustained AF may result and unnecessary treatment of self-terminating AF avoided. Time-frequency measures that characterize AF, such as fibrillatory frequency, amplitude, and waveform shape(More)
This study assesses a technique for quantifying the frequency spectrum of atrial fibrillation (AF) using the surface electrocardiogram. Electrocardiograhic recordings were obtained in 61 patients during AF. After bandpass filtering, the QRST complexes were subtracted using a template-matching algorithm. The resulting fibrillatory baseline signal was(More)
INTRODUCTION Frequency analysis of fibrillation (FAF) and time-frequency analysis (TFA) were developed recently in order to quantify atrial electrical remodeling in atrial fibrillation (AF) from the surface ECG. This article describes the experience with these two different frequency analysis techniques in consecutive AF patients and discusses possible(More)
OBJECTIVE Automatic analysis of the frequency content of the fibrillatory baseline on the surface ECG accurately reflects the average rate of atrial fibrillation (AF). This frequency measurement correlates with the behavior of AF and predicts the response to administration of ibutilide, a new antiarrhythmic drug. Neither the temporal pattern of fibrillatory(More)
INTRODUCTION Invasive high-density mapping of atrial fibrillation (AF) has revealed different patterns of atrial activation ranging from single wavefronts to disorganized activation with multiple simultaneous wavefronts. Whether or not similar activation patterns can also be observed using body surface recordings is currently unknown, and was consequently(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation has become a cornerstone for ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). Circular mapping catheter (CMC)-guided techniques for detection of lesion gaps are challenging. OBJECTIVE The present study describes a new concept of circumferential PV ablation aiming at bidirectional conduction block based on simultaneous pacing(More)