Andreas Beyerlein

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BACKGROUND Body mass index (BMI) data usually have skewed distributions, for which common statistical modeling approaches such as simple linear or logistic regression have limitations. METHODS Different regression approaches to predict childhood BMI by goodness-of-fit measures and means of interpretation were compared including generalized linear models(More)
Diagnosis of the autoimmune disease type 1 diabetes (T1D) is preceded by the appearance of circulating autoantibodies to pancreatic islets. However, almost nothing is known about events leading to this islet autoimmunity. Previous epidemiological and genetic data have associated viral infections and antiviral type I interferon (IFN) immune response genes(More)
A number of cross-sectional and prospective studies suggested a priming effect of maternal smoking in pregnancy on offspring's obesity. It has been hypothesized that this association might be explained by low birth weight and subsequent catch-up growth in the causal pathway. We therefore examined the role of birth weight in children exposed versus not(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies suggested potential priming effects of gestational weight gain (GWG) on offspring's body composition in later life. However, consistency of these effects in normal weight, overweight and obese mothers is less clear. METHODS We combined the individual data of three German cohorts and assessed associations of total and(More)
OBJECTIVE Early identification of children at high risk for childhood overweight is a major challenge in fighting the obesity epidemic. We tried to identify the most powerful set of combined predictors for childhood overweight at school entry. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES A classification and regression trees analysis on risk factors for childhood(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic factors are important determinants of overweight. We examined whether there are differential effect sizes depending on children's body composition. METHODS We analysed data of n = 4,837 children recorded in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), applying quantile regression with sex- and age-specific standard(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies reported an increase of upper body mass index (BMI) quantiles for formula fed infants compared to breastfed infants, while corresponding mean differences were low. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of known risk factors for childhood obesity on the BMI distribution. METHODS Data on 4,884 children were obtained at(More)
BACKGROUND Gait analysis is an increasingly used tool in the evaluation of neurological or orthopaedic problems in children. A good insight into age-related changes in normal paediatric gait is necessary to evaluate gait inefficiency caused by pathological walking patterns in children. However, no systematic evaluation of the normal development of trunk(More)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases the future risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). There is now a growing evidence that breastfeeding has short- and long-term health benefits for mothers with GDM. Mothers with GDM who breastfeed have improved lipid and glucose metabolic profiles for the first 3 months after birth. However, women(More)
BACKGROUND We recently showed that in preschoolers risk factors for overweight show stronger associations with BMI in children with high BMI values. However, it is unclear whether these findings might also pertain to adolescents. METHODS We extracted data on 3-10 year-old (n = 7,237) and 11-17 year-old (n = 5,986) children from a representative(More)