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affect entrepreneurial team formation and search. capital on time to re-entry. top management team composition to new venture performance. The effects of uncertainty and threat on group structure and performance. experience low, not high, levels of stress: The joint effects of selection and psychological capital. the active element in new venture creation.(More)
Diagnosis of the autoimmune disease type 1 diabetes (T1D) is preceded by the appearance of circulating autoantibodies to pancreatic islets. However, almost nothing is known about events leading to this islet autoimmunity. Previous epidemiological and genetic data have associated viral infections and antiviral type I interferon (IFN) immune response genes(More)
BACKGROUND high gestational weight gain (GWG) has been found to be associated with a number of adverse perinatal and long-term outcomes. OBJECTIVES we aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to find out whether physical activity in pregnancy might help avoid high GWG. SEARCH STRATEGY a literature search in relevant databases and an(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) increases the risk of a number of adverse pregnancy outcomes and was recently identified as a potential risk factor for childhood obesity. It is therefore of interest whether GWG can be modified by an intervention combining dietary counseling and physical activity. OBJECTIVE The objective was to review(More)
An increased prevalence of childhood overweight has been observed worldwide over the past decades, which indicates the need for strategies to prevent obesity. There is some evidence that risk of obesity is primed by exposures early in life. Among other factors, breastfeeding has been hypothesized as a potential priming factor against overweight. Although(More)
BACKGROUND Gestational weight gain (GWG) has been shown to be directly associated with birth weight. OBJECTIVE We aimed to define ranges for optimal GWG with respect to the risk of either small- or large-for-gestational-age offspring by using a new statistical approach. DESIGN For the purpose of an observational study, data on n = 177,079 mature(More)
A protective effect of breastfeeding on overweight (binary) has been reported by meta-analyses using logistic regression, whereas studies using linear regression and BMI (continuous) detected no significant association. To assess the relationship of these differences with different outcome classification, we compared results for linear, logistic, and(More)
BACKGROUND Gestational weight gain (GWG) is known to be a potential risk factor for short-term postpartum weight retention (PPWR) and thus for overweight in women. Does GWG also determine the long-term risk of overweight in women? OBJECTIVE We aimed to study the short- and long-term effects of GWG in accordance with the Institute of Medicine (IOM)(More)
BACKGROUND While the association of gestational diabetes mellitus and abnormal glucose tolerance is beyond doubt, its associations with other cardiovascular disease risk factors in the offspring are less clearly established. Some of these associations, in particular overweight in the offspring, might be confounded by maternal overweight. METHODS Data on(More)