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Due to the obvious advantages of long-acting peptide and protein drugs, strategies to prolong plasma half life time of such compounds are highly on demand. Short plasma half life times are commonly due to fast renal clearance as well as to enzymatic degradation occurring during systemic circulation. Modifications of the peptide/protein can lead to prolonged(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop thiolated nanoparticles to enhance the bioavailability for the nasal application of leuprolide. Thiolated chitosan-thioglycolic acid (chitosan-TGA) and unmodified chitosan nanoparticles (NPs) were developed via ionic gelation with tripolyphosphate (TPP). Leuprolide was incorporated during the formulation process of(More)
It was the aim of this study to develop a sustained parenteral peptide (DALCE) delivery system by the immobilization of DALCE to thiolated carboxymethyl dextran-cysteine (CMD-Cys) via disulfide bond formation. The resulting CMD-Cys-DALCE conjugate displayed a 22.6±7.9% (m/m) of DALCE (mean±S.D.; n=3). The conjugation of DALCE with CMD-Cys was confirmed by(More)
The aim of this study was to improve the properties of chitosan as excipient in drug delivery systems by the covalent attachment of thiol moieties. This was achieved by the modification of chitosan with 2-iminothiolane. The resulting chitosan-4-thio-butyl-amidine conjugates (chitosan-TBA conjugates) displayed up to 408.9+/-49.8 micromol thiol groups per(More)
This study examined the rheological and mucoadhesive properties of a self-crosslinking anionic thiolated polymer in vitro. Mediated by a carbodiimide, L-cysteine was covalently bound to poly(acrylic acid) of 450 kDa molecular mass. The resulting thiolated polymers (conjugates I and II) contained 90.5+/-15.8 and 511.6+/-52 micromol thiol groups per gram(More)
The purpose of the present study was to improve the mucoadhesive properties of alginate by the covalent attachment of cysteine. Mediated by a carbodiimide, L-cysteine was covalently linked to the polymer. The resulting thiolated alginate displayed 340.4+/-74.9 micromol thiol groups per g conjugate (means+/-S.D.; n=4). Within 2 h the viscosity of an aqueous(More)
The objective of this study was to develop a self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS) for the model peptide drug leuprorelin to prove a protective effect against luminal enzymatic metabolism. In order to incorporate leuprorelin into microemulsion droplets (o/w), the commercially available hydrophilic leuprolide acetate was modified by hydrophobic(More)
It was the aim of this study to develop a mucoadhesive, permeation enhancing delivery system for orally administered poorly absorbed drugs. Chitosan was modified by the immobilisation of thiol groups utilising 2-iminothiolane (Traut's reagent). The permeation enhancing effect of the resulting chitosan-4-thio-butylamidine conjugate (chitosan-TBA conjugate)(More)
It was the aim of this study to develop and evaluate a nasal microparticulate delivery system for human growth hormone (hGH) based on the thiomer polycarbophil-cysteine (PCP-Cys) in combination with the permeation mediator glutathione (GSH). Microparticles were prepared by dissolving PCP-Cys/GSH/hGH (7.5:1:1.5), PCP/hGH (8.5:1.5), and mannitol/hGH (8.5:1.5)(More)
The purpose of the present study was to synthesize and evaluate mucoadhesive polymers, exhibiting a high capacity to bind bivalent cations which are essential co-factors for intestinal proteolytic enzymes. Under the formation of amide bonds, the complexing agent EDTA was covalently bound to the primary amino groups of chitosan. One gram of the resulting(More)