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Aging is associated with cognitive impairment in numerous animal species. Across taxa, decline in learning performance is linked to chronological age. The honey bee (Apis mellifera), in contrast, offers an opportunity to study such aspects of aging largely independent of age per se. This is because foraging onset can be decoupled from chronological age,(More)
Ageing is often accompanied by a decline in learning and memory abilities across the animal kingdom. Understanding age-related changes in cognitive abilities is therefore a major goal of current research. The honey bee is emerging as a novel model organism for age-related changes in brain function, because learning and memory can easily be studied in bees(More)
Honey bees (Apis mellifera) are well known for their excellent learning abilities. Although most age groups learn quickly to associate an odor with a sucrose reward, newly emerged bees and old foragers often perform poorly. For a long time, the reason for the poor learning performance of these age groups was unclear. We show that reduced sensitivity for(More)
The quinalphos metabolite 2-hydroxyquinoxaline (HQO), previously shown to photocatalytically destroy antioxidant vitamins and biogenic amines in vitro, was tested for toxicity in several small aquatic organisms and for mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium. In the rotifer Philodina acuticornis, HQO caused the disappearance of large individuals and(More)
Toxicity of the pesticide quinalphos may comprise secondary, delayed effects by its main metabolite 2-hydroxyquinoxaline (HQO). We demonstrate that HQO can destroy photocatalytically vitamins C and E, catecholamines, serotonin, melatonin, the melatonin metabolite AMK (N(1)-acetyl-5-methoxykynuramine), and unsubstituted and substituted anthranilic acids when(More)
The honey bee is a model organism for studies on the neural substrates of learning and memory. Associative olfactory learning using sucrose rewards is fast and reliable in foragers and older hive bees. However, researchers have so far failed to show any significant learning in newly emerged bees. It is generally argued that in these bees only part of the(More)
The redox-active quinalphos main metabolite, 2-hydroxyquinoxaline, is particularly effective under excitation by light. We have studied the photocatalytic destruction of melatonin and its precursors, because the cytoprotective indoleamine has been detected in high quantities in mammalian skin. In photooxidation reactions, in which melatonin,(More)
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