Andreas Artmann

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Endocannabinoids and N-acylethanolamines are lipid mediators regulating a wide range of biological functions including food intake. We investigated short-term effects of feeding rats five different dietary fats (palm oil (PO), olive oil (OA), safflower oil (LA), fish oil (FO) and arachidonic acid (AA)) on tissue levels of 2-arachidonoylglycerol, anandamide,(More)
Adolescence is a critical phase of active brain development often characterized by the initiation of marijuana (Cannabis sativa) use. Limited information is known regarding the endogenous cannabinoid system of the adolescent brain as well as related neurotransmitters that appear sensitive to cannabis exposure. We recently observed that adult rats(More)
The anorectic lipid oleoylethanolamide and the orexigenic lipid anandamide both belong to the group of N-acylethanolamines that are generated by the enzyme N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine-hydrolyzing phospholipase D. The levels of the two bioactive lipids were investigated in rat intestines after 24 h of starvation as well as after 1 and 4 h of re-feeding.(More)
The ketogenic diet (KD) is used for the treatment of refractory epilepsy in children, however, the mechanism(s) remains largely unknown. Also, the antiepileptogenic potential in animal models of epilepsy has been poorly addressed. Activation of cannabinoid type-1 receptor (CB(1)-R) upon seizure activity may mediate neuroprotection as may several(More)
The N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) are bioactive lipids that can modulate inflammatory responses and protect neurons against glutamatergic excitotoxicity. We have used a model of focal cerebral ischemia in young adult mice to investigate the relationship between focal cerebral ischemia and endogenous NAEs. Over the first 24 h(More)
The prevalence of obesity is increasing with an alarming rate worldwide and there is a need for efficacious satiety drugs. PYY3-36 has been shown to play a role in hypothalamic appetite regulation and novel analogs targeting the Y2 receptor have potential as drugs for the treatment of obesity. We have designed a series of novel PYY3-36 isoforms, by first(More)
A group of neurons in the caudal nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) processes preproglucagon to glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), GLP-2 and oxyntomodulin. Whereas the anorectic capacity of all three neuropeptides has been demonstrated, only relatively little is known of preproglucagon mRNA regulation in the brain stem. Using in situ hybridization and(More)
BACKGROUND We analysed retrospectively whether the total cervix occlusion implicates efficient the prolongation of pregnancy in patients with bulging fetal membranes during extreme prematurity. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 1993 and 1999 nineteen pregnant women (17 singleton and 2 twin pregnancies) with cervical incompetence and bulging membranes at 20 to(More)
Documentation of the psittacine paranasal sinuses has been limited. To provide more published detail, spiral computed tomography (CT) was used to scan the cephalic and cervical region from cadavers of 10 psittacine birds (Ara ararauna, Ara chloroptera, Ara macao, and Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus). Skeletal studies, histologic examinations, and evaluation of(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study is to report the results of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment based on the Zenith stent-graft from a community-based single center over a period of 9 years. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed immediate technical and clinical results as well as long-term outcomes in patients treated with endovascular(More)