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Vertebral compression fracture (VCF) is an important cause of severe debilitating back pain, adversely affecting quality of life, physical function, psychosocial performance, mental health and survival [1, 2]. Its diverse etiology encompasses osteoporosis, neoplastic vertebral involvement (myeloma, metastasis, lymphoma, hemangioma), and osteonecrosis. There(More)
In order to make appropriate decisions about clinical management, it is important for physicians to be able to stratify patients according to their risk for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). The most important risk marker for nephropathy after exposure to iodinated contrast media is preexisting renal impairment. The risk of CIN is elevated and becomes(More)
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), usually defined as an increase in serum creatinine of 0.5 mg/dL (44.2 mumol/L), or a 25% increase from the baseline value 48 hours after the procedure, is a common and potentially serious complication of the use of iodinated contrast media in patients at risk of acute renal injury. It is an important cause of(More)
Various properties of iodinated contrast media (osmolality, ionic versus nonionic, and viscosity) may contribute to contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). Therefore, the choice of contrast medium affects the risk for CIN. There is good evidence that low-osmolar contrast media are less nephrotoxic than high-osmolar contrast media in patients at increased risk(More)
Metal endoprostheses of the Wallstent type were successfully inserted percutaneously and endoscopically in 80 consecutive patients with malignant obstructive biliary stenoses, who were followed for up to 18 months. The indication for treatment was jaundice due to malignant biliary obstruction. Repeat radiological investigations were performed if the patient(More)
Twenty-five patients with stenosis of the vena cava (21) and other large veins (4) have been treated with self-expanding Gianturco metallic stents. Eighteen patients had superior vena cava syndrome. In 17, the stricture was due to malignant superior vena cava compression recurrent after maximum tolerance radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. In 16 of these(More)
In view of the clinical importance of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), numerous potential risk-reduction strategies have been evaluated. Adequate intravenous volume expansion with isotonic crystalloid (1.0-1.5 mL/kg per hr) for 3-12 hours before the procedure and continued for 6-24 hours afterward can lessen the probability of CIN in patients at risk.(More)
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is the third leading cause of acute kidney injury in hospitalized patients and is associated with significant patient morbidity. The pathogenesis of CIN is complex and not fully understood, but iodinated contrast agents induce intense and prolonged vasoconstriction at the corticomedullary junction of the kidney. Moreover,(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to determine the relative sensitivity and the lowest threshold of bleeding detectable with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and with MDCT using an in vitro physiologic system. MATERIALS AND METHODS A closed pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass circuit was connected to tubes traversing a water bath to simulate the(More)
Renal impairment at baseline (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) is the most important risk marker to predict the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients receiving iodinated contrast media. Hence, it is important to assess renal function before administration of contrast medium to ensure that appropriate steps(More)