Andreas A. Linninger

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Advances in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques enable the accurate measurements of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow in the human brain. In addition, image reconstruction tools facilitate the collection of patient-specific brain geometry data such as the exact dimensions of the ventricular and subarachnoidal spaces (SAS) as well as the computer-aided(More)
OBJECT The goal of this investigation was to establish whether pressure gradients exist between the ventricles, brain tissue, and subarachnoid space when acute or chronic hydrocephalus develops. Such gradients are hypothesized by many models of hydrocephalus, but considerable controversy continues about their existence. METHODS A stereotactic frame was(More)
Disturbances of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow in the brain can lead to hydrocephalus, a condition affecting thousands of people annually in the US. Considerable controversy exists about fluid and pressure dynamics, and about how the brain responds to changes in flow patterns and compression in hydrocephalus. This paper presents a new model based on the(More)
Using first principles of fluid and solid mechanics a comprehensive model of human intracranial dynamics is proposed. Blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and brain parenchyma as well as the spinal canal are included. The compartmental model predicts intracranial pressure gradients, blood and CSF flows and displacements in normal and pathological conditions(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxygen tension in the brain is controlled by the microcirculatory supply of RBC, but the effect of non-Newtonian blood flow rheology on tissue oxygenation is not well characterized. This study assesses different biphasic blood flow models for predicting tissue oxygen tension as a function of microcirculatory hemodynamics. METHODS Two existing(More)
OBJECT The dynamics of fluid flow in normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) are poorly understood. Normally, CSF flows out of the brain through the ventricles. However, ventricular enlargement during NPH may be caused by CSF backflow into the brain through the ventricles. A previous study showed this reversal of flow; in the present study, the authors provide(More)
The three-dimensional spatial arrangement of the cortical microcirculatory system is critical for understanding oxygen exchange between blood vessels and brain cells. A three-dimensional computer model of a 3 × 3 × 3 mm3 subsection of the human secondary cortex was constructed to quantify oxygen advection in the microcirculation, tissue oxygen perfusion,(More)
A three-dimensional model of the human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) spaces is presented. Patient-specific brain geometries were reconstructed from magnetic resonance images. The model was validated by comparing the predicted flow rates with Cine phase-contrast MRI measurements. The model predicts the complex CSF flow patterns and pressures in the ventricular(More)
This article reviews our previous work on the dynamics of the intracranial cavity and presents new clinically relevant results about hydrocephalus that can be gained from this approach. Simulations based on fluid dynamics and poroelasticity theory are used to predict CSF flow, pressures and brain tissue movement in normal subjects. Communicating(More)
The treatment for many neurodegenerative diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) involves the delivery of large molecular weight drugs to the brain. The blood brain barrier, however, prevents many therapeutic molecules from entering the CNS. Despite much effort in studying drug dispersion with animal models, accurate drug targeting in humans remains a(More)