Andreas A. Hombach

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Recombinant T-cell receptors with antibody-like specificity are successfully used to direct CTLs toward a MHC-independent immune response against target cells. Here we monitored the specific activation of receptor grafted CTLs in the context of CD28 costimulation. Peripheral blood T cells were retrovirally engrafted with recombinant anti-CD30 and(More)
Recombinant immunoreceptors with specificity for the carcinoembryonic Ag (CEA) can redirect grafted T cells to a MHC/Ag-independent antitumor response. To analyze receptor-mediated cellular activation in the context of CD28 costimulation, we generated: 1) CEA+ colorectal tumor cells that express simultaneously B7-1 and B7-2, and 2) CEA-specific(More)
In order to target NK cells against the Hodgkin's-derived cell line L540, we developed bispecific monoclonal antibodies (Bi-MAbs) by somatic hybridization of the 2 mouse hybridoma cell line HRS-3 and A9 which produce monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) with reactivity against the Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cell-associated CD30 antigen and the CD16 antigen (Fc(More)
The strength of immune repression by regulatory T (Treg) cells is thought to depend on the efficiency of Treg cell activation. The stimuli and their individual strength required to activate resting human Treg cells, however, have so far not been elucidated in detail. We reveal here that induction of proliferation of human CD4(+)C25(+) Treg cells requires an(More)
Adoptive T-cell transfer showed promising efficacy in recent trials raising interest in T cells with redirected specificity against tumors. T cells were engineered with a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) with predefined binding and CD3ζ signaling to initiate T-cell activation. CD28 costimulation provided by a CD28-CD3ζ signaling CAR moreover improved T cell(More)
Adoptive transfer of Epstein Barr virus (EBV)–specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (EBV-CTLs) has shown that these cells persist in patients with EBV Hodgkin lymphoma (HD) to produce complete tumor responses. Treatment failure, however, occurs if a subpopulation of malignant cells in the tumor lacks or loses expression of EBV antigens. We have therefore(More)
Chimeric TCRs with an Ab-derived binding domain confer predefined specificity and MHC-independent target binding to T cells for use in adoptive immunotherapy. We investigated the impact of receptor binding affinity on the activation of grafted T cells. A series of anti-ErbB2 single-chain fragment binding domains with a K(d) ranging from 3.2 x 10(-7) to 1.5(More)
We recently described the generation and expression of a chimeric T cell receptor with specificity for the tumor antigen TAG72 consisting of the single chain antibody (scFv) B72.3-scFv and the gamma chain of the FcepsilonRI receptor. The corresponding chimeric receptor containing the zeta chain of the TCR as signalling unit is not functionally expressed(More)
The therapeutic success of adoptive therapy with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) engineered T cells depends on the appropriate costimulation of CD3ζ to induce full T cell activation. Costimulatory endodomains of the CD28 family are therefore fused with CD3ζ in a dual signalling CAR. Serious adverse events in two most recent trials; however, highlight the(More)
Resistance to apoptosis is a hallmark of cancer, and represents an important mechanism of how tumor cells resist immune cell destruction. Mitochondria are the central regulators of the apoptotic machinery by releasing pro-apoptotic factors including cytochrome c and second mitochondria-derived activator of caspase (SMAC) upon mitochondrial outer membrane(More)