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Two lipoxygenase isoenzymes (linoleate: oxygen oxidoreductase, EC present in the embryo of germinating barley seed have been purified to homogeneity and characterized. Both isoenzymes are monomeric proteins with a molecular mass of approx. 90 kDa and crossreact on Western blots with antibodies raised against pea lipoxygenase. They have an(More)
A mutable allele of the An1 locus in Petunia hybrida has given rise to a multiple series of stable derivative alleles. Anthocyanin concentration in mature flowers of these mutants (an1(+/ p)/an1) decreases from the wild-type red to the recessive white in a continuous series. Anthocyanin composition changes regularly: the ratio of peonidin to cyanidin is 3.5(More)
We have used complementation analysis after somatic cell fusion to investigate the genetic relationships among various genetic diseases in humans in which there is a simultaneous impairment of several peroxisomal functions. The activity of acyl-coenzyme A:dihydroxyacetonephosphate acyltransferase, which is deficient in these diseases, was used as an index(More)
The presence and intracellular localization of peroxisomal integral membrane proteins (PMP) were investigated in liver and cultured skin fibroblasts from control subjects and patients with the Zellweger syndrome and related disorders in which peroxisomes are virtually absent. Immunoblotting experiments showed that 22, 36 and 69 kDa PMPs were present and(More)
The biosynthesis of the peroxisomal enzymes acyl-CoA oxidase, 3-oxoacyl-CoA thiolase (acetyl-CoA acyl-transferase, EC, and catalase (EC was studied in cultured skin fibroblasts from a control subject and from patients with Zellweger syndrome and the infantile form of Refsum disease, inherited disorders in which peroxisomes are deficient(More)
We investigated the peroxisomal beta-oxidation system in liver from a patient with clinical features similar to those in the cerebrohepatorenal (Zellweger) syndrome and with elevated levels in body fluids of very-long-chain fatty acids and intermediates in the biosynthesis of bile acids. The peroxisomal beta-oxidation of fatty acids, measured as the(More)
Acid sphingomyelinase (sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase, EC was purified from human urine in the presence of 0.1% Nonidet P-40. The activity could be enriched 23,000-fold by sequential chromatography on octyl-Sepharose, concanavalin A-Sepharose, blue Sepharose and DEAE-cellulose. The last purification step yielded an enzyme preparation with a(More)
Labelling of cultured human skin fibroblasts from either control subjects or patients with mucolipidosis II (I-cell disease) with [32P]phosphate resulted in tight association of phosphate with immunoprecipitated glucocerebrosidase, a membrane-associated lysosomal enzyme. Endoglycosidase F digestion of the immunoprecipitated glucocerebrosidase did not(More)
In the present investigation, we have demonstrated that three lysosomal-type hydrolases, alpha-glucosidase, alpha-mannosidase and a phosphatase, are present in lamellar bodies isolated from adult human lung. The hydrolase activities that were studied, all showed an acidic pH optimum, which is characteristic for lysosomal enzymes. The properties of acid(More)
An immunogold labeling procedure was applied to ultrathin cryosections and used to study the subcellular localization of glucocerebrosidase in lipid-laden "Gaucher cells" in spleen from a patient with type 1 Gaucher's disease. Glucocerebrosidase protein was associated with the characteristic stored lipid material in large, irregularly shaped vacuoles. As(More)