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BACKGROUND The pleiotropic effects of riluzole may antagonize common mechanisms underlying chronic cerebellar ataxia, a debilitating and untreatable consequence of various diseases. METHODS In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial, 40 patients presenting with cerebellar ataxias of different etiologies were randomly assigned to(More)
The roles of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and their response to interferon (IFN)-beta therapy in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are poorly understood. We identified pDC accumulation in white matter lesions and leptomeninges of MS brains and abundant expression of the Type I IFN-induced protein MxA, mainly in perivascular CD3+ lymphocytes in(More)
Previous studies reported an association with multiple sclerosis (MS) of distinct HLA-class I markers, namely HLA-A*02, HLA-Cw*05 and MOG-142L. In this work, we tested the association with MS of A*02 and Cw*05 in 1273 Italian MS patients and 1075 matched controls, which were previously analyzed for MOG-142, and explored the relationship among these three(More)
The role of some chemical elements in neurodegeneration was suggested by various authors. To obtain a profile of chemical elements and oxidative status in complex neurological diseases, an unbiased "omics" approach, i.e., quantification of 26 elements and oxidative stress parameters (serum oxidative status (SOS) and serum anti-oxidant capacity (SAC)),(More)
BACKGROUND Metals are suspected of being involved in the pathogenesis of various neurologic diseases. We previously found a complex imbalance in serum chemical elements and oxidative status in patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis (CDMS). OBJECTIVE To understand whether this imbalance affects people with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS)(More)
One of the main burdens of using general type-2 fuzzy sets relates to the cost of their basic operations. In this paper we will discuss how the set of pseudo highest intersection points of two convex fuzzy sets can be used to provide algorithms for performing union and intersection operations on convex type-2 fuzzy sets with min and product t-norm and max(More)
Last decade has witnessed an enormous growth in wireless networks that naturally has brought some new research challenges. Related studies conducted have covered several research areas like routing protocols, encrypted authentication protocols, misbehavior detection system and a number of innovative solutions, biologically-inspired and not, have been(More)