Andrea Viggiano

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The ketogenic diet is known to have an anti-epileptic effect; in fact it is currently used to treat drug resistant epilepsies. The efficacy of this diet is thought to be correlated to the elevation of blood ketone bodies. Because of problems with compliance to this diet, there is an interest in evaluating alternative pharmacological treatments that can have(More)
New and future indications for the treatment of disorders of the alimentary tract using local injections of botulinum toxin are reviewed. Clinical experience shows that overactive smooth muscle sphincters may be weakened to treat disorders such as achalasia or chronic anal fissure. By contrast, injections placed into the sphincter of Oddi have proven less(More)
BACKGROUND Botulinum toxin is a powerful, long-acting inhibitor of muscular contractions in both voluntary and smooth muscle. It acts by blocking the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. In the stomach, propulsive contractions of the antrum are necessary for the gastric contents to pass into the duodenum. AIMS To investigate whether(More)
Three experiments were conducted in order to investigate the possible involvement of the reactive oxygen species in the nociception within the subnucleus caudalis of the spinal trigeminal nucleus (Vc). In the first experiment the extracellular level of hydrogen peroxide was evaluated by microdialysis in the Vc of two groups of six rats before and after a(More)
INTRODUCTION Prevention of obesity and overweight is an important target for health promotion. Early prevention requires an intervention during childhood and adolescence. At these stages, the game could be an appropriate means to teach nutrition knowledge and to influence dietary behaviour. To this end, the authors developed Kalèdo, a new board-game. (More)
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) is a reversible electrophysiological phenomenon that is not associated with tissue damage under normal blood supply. The induction of CSD during ischemia causes an increase in tissue damage, while pre-conditioning with CSD decreases the damage induced by a subsequent episode of ischemia. The mechanisms underlying these(More)
Peripheral amino acid changes have been reported in schizophrenia, but results are not consistent. We measured serum levels of different amino acids in 11 neuroleptic-resistant schizophrenic patients before and after clozapine treatment and in 11 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. The schizophrenic patients exhibited significantly higher levels of serum(More)
Abnormal levels of amino acids have been reported in patients with schizophrenia and have also been investigated as a biomarker to monitor antipsychotic treatment, however results have been inconsistent. The purpose of the present review is to summarize the evidence in the literature of whether amino acid levels can be a biomarker and predict the treatment(More)
Previous studies have shown that flanking distractors influence line bisection. In the present study, we examined if reaching the flanker after bisecting the line resulted in a variation of flanker interference on line bisection. Right- and left-handed participants were asked to bisect a horizontal line flanked by a dot (bisection task, B-task) or to bisect(More)
The impairment of brain functions during aging could be prevented by an increase in antioxidative defenses. In fact, dietary manipulation with antioxidants or with antioxidant-rich extracts from vegetables and fruit can ameliorate age-associated behavioral alterations. Moreover, dietary supplements of antioxidants can reverse the age-dependent impairment to(More)