Andrea Viggiano

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Prevention of obesity and overweight is an important target for health promotion. Early prevention requires an intervention during childhood and adolescence. At these stages, the game could be an appropriate means to teach nutrition knowledge and to influence dietary behaviour. To this end, the authors developed Kalèdo, a new board-game. The aim of the(More)
Three experiments were conducted in order to investigate the possible involvement of the reactive oxygen species in the nociception within the subnucleus caudalis of the spinal trigeminal nucleus (Vc). In the first experiment the extracellular level of hydrogen peroxide was evaluated by microdialysis in the Vc of two groups of six rats before and after a(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that there is an increase in oxidative stress in the cerebral cortex of rats after repeated painful stimulation and that long-lasting pain increases the production of superoxide ion (O2 −), nitric oxide and peroxynitrite due to the activation of AMPA and NMDA receptors. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the(More)
Peripheral amino acid changes have been reported in schizophrenia, but results are not consistent. We measured serum levels of different amino acids in 11 neuroleptic-resistant schizophrenic patients before and after clozapine treatment and in 11 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. The schizophrenic patients exhibited significantly higher levels of serum(More)
Superoxide anions are highly reactive radicals overproduced in many pathological situations such as inflammation and ischemia. One of the major factors in the protection from superoxide anions is the enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD), which catalyzes the dismutation of superoxide to hydrogen peroxide. This study presents a quantitative histochemical method(More)
The aim of this experiment was to investigate the role of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic transmission in the nociception within the spinal trigeminal nucleus. The formalin test was used as an animal model of inflammatory pain. Two groups of six rats were used. The behavioural response to the labial injection of formaldehyde (50 microl of a 5%(More)
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) is a reversible electrophysiological phenomenon that is not associated with tissue damage under normal blood supply. The induction of CSD during ischemia causes an increase in tissue damage, while pre-conditioning with CSD decreases the damage induced by a subsequent episode of ischemia. The mechanisms underlying these(More)
BACKGROUND The word "stress" describes the status of the body affected by external or internal forces, or "stressors", threatening to alter its dynamic balance or homeostasis. The adaptive changes which occur in reply to stressors are either behavioral or physical. Once a given threshold is surpassed, a systemic reaction takes place involving the "stress(More)
During childhood and adolescence, a game could be an effective educational tool to learn healthy eating habits. We developed Kaledo, a new board game, to promote nutrition education and to improve dietary behavior. A two-group design with one pre-treatment assessment and two post-treatment assessments was employed. A total of 3,110 subjects (9–19 years old)(More)
BACKGROUND Botulinum toxin is a powerful, long-acting inhibitor of muscular contractions in both voluntary and smooth muscle. It acts by blocking the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. In the stomach, propulsive contractions of the antrum are necessary for the gastric contents to pass into the duodenum. AIMS To investigate whether(More)