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Working memory is a key function for human cognition, dependent on adequate dopamine neurotransmission. Here we show that the training of working memory, which improves working memory capacity, is associated with changes in the density of cortical dopamine D1 receptors. Fourteen hours of training over 5 weeks was associated with changes in both prefrontal(More)
Women and men differ in serotonin associated psychiatric conditions, such as depression, anxiety and suicide. Despite this, very few studies focus on sex differences in the serotonin system. Of the biomarkers in the serotonin system, serotonin(1A) (5-HT(1A)) receptor is implicated in depression, and anxiety and serotonin transporter (5-HTT) is a target for(More)
These guidelines summarize the current views of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine Neuroimaging Committee (ENC). The aim of the guidelines is to assist nuclear medicine practitioners when making recommendations, performing, interpreting, and reporting the results of clinical dopamine transporter (DAT) single photon emission computed tomography(More)
RATIONALE Atomoxetine is a potent and selective norepinephrine transporter (NET) reuptake inhibitor acting as a nonstimulant for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Previous positron emission tomography (PET) studies had failed to demonstrate the feasibility of measuring a dose-dependent and saturable NET occupancy in human(More)
PURPOSE In a previous PET study on norepinephrine transporter (NET) occupancy in the nonhuman primate brain, the relationship between NET occupancy and atomoxetine plasma concentration, and occupancies among different brain regions, were not demonstrated adequately. It may therefore be difficult to translate the results to the clinical situations. In the(More)
INTRODUCTION Dopamine is one among several neurotransmitters that regulate food intake and overeating. Thus, it has been linked to the pathophysiology of obesity and high body mass index (BMI). Striatal dopamine D(2) receptor availability is lower in obesity and there are indications that striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) availability is also decreased.(More)
The dopamine transporter (DAT) is a transmembrane protein responsible for reuptake of dopamine from the synaptic cleft and termination of dopaminergic transmission. Several radioligands are available for DAT imaging with SPECT and PET. This review summarizes the main SPECT and PET radioligands and the main applications of DAT imaging in neuropsychiatric(More)
The dopamine transporter (DAT) is of central interest in research on the pathophysiology and treatment of neuro-psychiatric disorders. [(11)C]PE2I is an established radioligand that provides high-contrast delineation of brain regions that are rich in DAT. The aim of the present PET study in eight patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) was to(More)
Most molecular imaging studies of the dopamine (DA) system performed to date have focused on the striatum, a region receiving dense dopaminergic innervation. In clinical research on the DA D2-receptor, striatal binding has often been regarded as an index of global DA function, based on the underlying assumption of common regulatory mechanisms for receptor(More)
UNLABELLED Correction of scatter and attenuation is essential for quantitative SPECT. In this work, we evaluated the accuracy gained from a method of transmission-dependent convolution subtraction (TDCS) in the quantitation of activity that is highly concentrated in the striatum (STR). METHODS SPECT data were acquired from an (123)I-containing phantom(More)