Andrea Vannucci

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BACKGROUND Persistent postoperative cognitive decline is thought to be a public health problem, but its severity may have been overestimated because of limitations in statistical methodology. This study assessed whether long-term cognitive decline occurred after surgery or illness by using an innovative approach and including participants with early(More)
Delirium is a common complication during the postoperative period. Because of its significant associations with physical and cognitive morbidity, clinicians should be aware of the evidence-based practices relating to its diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Here, we review select recent literature pertaining to the epidemiology and impact of postoperative(More)
Respiratory complications after tracheal extubation are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, suggesting that process improvements in this clinical area are needed. The decreased rate of respiratory adverse events occurring during tracheal intubation since the implementation of guidelines for difficult airway management supports the value of(More)
Arterial pressure-based cardiac output monitors (APCOs) are increasingly used as alternatives to thermodilution. Validation of these evolving technologies in high-risk surgery is still ongoing. In liver transplantation, FloTrac-Vigileo (Edwards Lifesciences) has limited correlation with thermodilution, whereas LiDCO Plus (LiDCO Ltd.) has not been tested(More)
BACKGROUND Unanticipated difficult intubation is associated with unwanted patient outcomes. The capability of predicting difficult airways may contribute to patient safety, efficient patient flow and rational use of limited resources. We evaluated current literature on performance of bedside airway tests in predicting difficult tracheal intubation. (More)
BACKGROUND Physiologic data display is essential to decision making in critical care. Current displays echo first-generation hemodynamic monitors dating to the 1970s and have not kept pace with new insights into physiology or the needs of clinicians who must make progressively more complex decisions about their patients. The effectiveness of any redesign(More)
published from the American Society of Anesthesiologists Closed Claims Projects highlighted that complications associated with difficult airway management accounted for 17% of the airway-related claims and represented the third category of adverse respiratory events leading to trial litigation [5]. Following that, several predictive models of difficult(More)
BACKGROUND Central venous catheter placement is a common procedure with a high incidence of error. Other fields requiring high reliability have used Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) to prioritize quality and safety improvement efforts. OBJECTIVE To use FMEA in the development of a formal, standardized curriculum for central venous catheter(More)
Morbidly obese patients undergoing general anesthesia for laparoscopic bariatric surgery are considered at increased risk of a postoperative decrease in lung function. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a systematic use of incentive spirometry (IS) prior to surgery could help patients to preserve their respiratory function better in the(More)
Acute hemodynamic and electrocardiographic effects of fructose-1,6-diphosphate (FDP), an agent that is supposed to restore anaerobic glycolytic flux in the ischemic myocardium, were studied in 40 patients with acute myocardial infarction who were grouped into 4 subsets: subset 1, normal (15 mm Hg or less) pulmonary artery (PA) wedge pressure and normal (35(More)