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BACKGROUND Recently published guidelines on the medical management of renal stone disease did not address relevant topics in the field of idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis, which are important also for clinical research. DESIGN A steering committee identified 27 questions, which were proposed to a faculty of 44 experts in nephrolithiasis and allied(More)
OBJECTIVES To verify whether alterations in bone density and turnover in patients with calcium nephrolithiasis and hypercalciuria are observable in various subgroups of patients divided according to the pathogenesis of the hypercalciuria. METHODS Seventy patients with calcium nephrolithiasis and idiopathic hypercalciuria, 19 to 64 years old, were assessed(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the current study was to identify independent clinical and pathologic variables that were predictive of lymph node involvement in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the penis in a multicenter series with the intent to select patients who were suitable to undergo immediate inguinal lymphadenectomy. METHODS Data were(More)
OBJECTIVE Diet interventions may reduce the risk of urinary stone formation and its recurrence, but there is no conclusive consensus in the literature regarding the effectiveness of dietary interventions and recommendations about specific diets for patients with urinary calculi. The aim of this study was to review the studies reporting the effects of(More)
1. Vitamin D seems to play an essential role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic hypercalciuria at least in part via intestinal hyperabsorption of calcium. Hyperabsorption of calcium, in turn, might enhance the intestinal uptake of free oxalate, thus leading to hyperoxaluria. To verify this hypothesis we studied 75 calcium-stone-formers subdivided as follows:(More)
OBJECTIVE To study bone density in hypercalciuric patients, when classified according to the main metabolic defect. METHODS We studied 49 patients, aged 19-60 years with calcium stones and idiopathic hypercalcuria. All subjects underwent an evaluation of mineral metabolism and a spinal and femoral DEXA measurement. Then, patients were classified as having(More)
BACKGROUND Radiotherapy is an increasingly preferred treatment option for localized prostate cancer, and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) a relatively established modality of therapeutic irradiation. The present study analyzes the toxicity and biochemical efficacy of SBRT in 100 consecutive prostate cancer patients treated with CyberKnife Robotic(More)
In patients affected by calcium nephrolithiasis, primary hypercalciuria is frequently accompanied by bone demineralisation and increased susceptibility to fragility fractures. The relationship between bone loss and primary hypercalciuria is multifactorial. Organs and tissues which control calcium and phosphate metabolism - bone, intestine, and kidney - are(More)