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Axons and their synapses distal to an injury undergo rapid Wallerian degeneration, but axons in the C57BL/WldS mouse are protected. The degenerative and protective mechanisms are unknown. We identified the protective gene, which encodes an N-terminal fragment of ubiquitination factor E4B (Ube4b) fused to nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase(More)
Wallerian degeneration is the degeneration of the distal stump of an injured axon. It normally occurs over a time course of around 24 hr but it is delayed in the slow Wallerian degeneration mutant mouse (C57BL/Wlds) for up to 3 weeks. The gene, which protects from rapid Wallerian degeneration, Wld, previously has been mapped to distal chromosome 4. This(More)
CD1d-restricted lymphocytes recognize a broad lipid range. However, how CD1d-restricted lymphocytes translate T cell receptor (TCR) recognition of lipids with similar group heads into distinct biological responses remains unclear. Using a soluble invariant NKT (iNKT) TCR and a newly engineered antibody specific for alpha-galactosylceramide(More)
Kinesin and kinesin superfamily proteins are molecular motors involved in important intracellular functions such as organelle transport and cell division. They are microtubule-activated ATPases composed of a motor domain that binds to microtubules and a cargo-binding domain that binds to specific organelles. While searching for the slow Wallerian(More)
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