Andrea Tannapfel

Helmut Witzigmann2
Christian Wittekind2
2Helmut Witzigmann
2Christian Wittekind
2Ingo Stricker
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1 OBJECTIVE—␤-Cell mass declines progressively during the course of diabetes, and various antidiabetic treatment regimens have been suggested to modulate ␤-cell mass. However, imaging methods allowing the monitoring of changes in ␤-cell mass in vivo have not yet become available. We address whether pancre-atic ␤-cell area can be assessed by functional test(More)
BACKGROUND Salinomycin is a polyether ionophore antibiotic that has recently been shown to induce cell death in human cancer cells displaying multiple mechanisms of drug resistance. The underlying mechanisms leading to cell death after salinomycin treatment have not been well characterized. We therefore investigated the role of salinomycin in caspase(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer cells display widespread changes in DNA methylation that may lead to genetic instability by global hypomethylation and aberrant silencing of tumor suppressor genes by focal hypermethylation. In turn, altered DNA methylation patterns have been used to identify putative tumor suppressor genes. METHODS In a methylation screening approach,(More)
Aberrant Wnt-signaling caused by mutants of beta-catenin, a key regulator of the canonical Wnt-signaling pathway, is frequently detected in cancer. Only recently, it was suggested that in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) the expression of the target gene glutamine synthetase (GS) is a highly reliable marker for the identification of beta-catenin mutations. In(More)
PURPOSE The p53 family member p73 displays significant homology to p53, but data from primary tumors demonstrating increased expression levels of p73 in the absence of any gene mutations argue against a classical tumor suppressor function. A detailed analysis of the p73 protein in tumor tissues has revealed expression of two classes of p73 isoforms. Whereas(More)
BACKGROUND Germline mutations in RET are responsible for multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2), an autosomal dominantly inherited cancer syndrome that is characterized by medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), pheochromocytoma, and parathyroid hyperplasia/adenoma. Recent studies suggest a "second hit" mechanism resulting in amplification of mutant RET.(More)
INTRODUCTION Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is characterized by the presence of multiple gas-filled cysts in the intestinal wall, the submucosa and/or subserosa of the intestine. The term pneumatosis cystoides coli is synonymous with pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis when the disorder is limited to the colon. It is a secondary finding caused by a wide(More)
BACKGROUND ACTH overproduction within the pituitary gland or ectopically leads to hypercortisolism. Here, we report the first case of Cushing' syndrome caused by an ectopic ACTH-secreting neuroendocrine carcinoma of the mesentery. Moreover, diagnostic procedures and pitfalls associated with ectopic ACTH-secreting tumors are demonstrated and discussed. (More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer is one of the most frequently observed neoplasms in the world. It develops from intraepithelial neoplasia of the colorectal mucosa, and these precursor lesions are also known as adenoma. As the precursor lesion is known and can be detected easily, efficient screening strategies are available for a reliable prevention of(More)
INTRODUCTION Primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma is a very rare pericardial tumor of unknown etiology. CASE PRESENTATION A 61-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted to our hospital complaining of exertional dyspnea due to a large pericardial effusion. Intrapericardial fluid volume declined after repeated pericardiocentesis, but the patient(More)