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BACKGROUND Cancer cells display widespread changes in DNA methylation that may lead to genetic instability by global hypomethylation and aberrant silencing of tumor suppressor genes by focal hypermethylation. In turn, altered DNA methylation patterns have been used to identify putative tumor suppressor genes. METHODS In a methylation screening approach,(More)
A total of 1664 patients with gastric cancer were examined to evaluate the rate of multiple synchronous primary tumours. In cases of multiple synchronous cancer (MSC), the tumours were analysed immunohistochemically for their expression pattern of p53, c-erbB2, ras, E-cadherin and proliferative activity. Multiple synchronous gastric carcinomas (MSCs) were(More)
1 OBJECTIVE—␤-Cell mass declines progressively during the course of diabetes, and various antidiabetic treatment regimens have been suggested to modulate ␤-cell mass. However, imaging methods allowing the monitoring of changes in ␤-cell mass in vivo have not yet become available. We address whether pancre-atic ␤-cell area can be assessed by functional test(More)
BACKGROUND Salinomycin is a polyether ionophore antibiotic that has recently been shown to induce cell death in human cancer cells displaying multiple mechanisms of drug resistance. The underlying mechanisms leading to cell death after salinomycin treatment have not been well characterized. We therefore investigated the role of salinomycin in caspase(More)
PURPOSE The p53 family member p73 displays significant homology to p53, but data from primary tumors demonstrating increased expression levels of p73 in the absence of any gene mutations argue against a classical tumor suppressor function. A detailed analysis of the p73 protein in tumor tissues has revealed expression of two classes of p73 isoforms. Whereas(More)
OBJECTIVE—Noninvasive determination of pancreatic ␤-cell mass in vivo has been hampered by the lack of suitable ␤-cell– specific imaging agents. This report outlines an approach for the development of novel ligands homing selectively to islet cells in vivo. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—To generate agents specifically binding to pancreatic islets, a phage(More)
Aberrant Wnt-signaling caused by mutants of beta-catenin, a key regulator of the canonical Wnt-signaling pathway, is frequently detected in cancer. Only recently, it was suggested that in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) the expression of the target gene glutamine synthetase (GS) is a highly reliable marker for the identification of beta-catenin mutations. In(More)
BACKGROUND Germline mutations in RET are responsible for multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2), an autosomal dominantly inherited cancer syndrome that is characterized by medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), pheochromocytoma, and parathyroid hyperplasia/adenoma. Recent studies suggest a "second hit" mechanism resulting in amplification of mutant RET.(More)
The chemosensory capacity of the somatosensory system relies on the appropriate expression of chemoreceptors, which detect chemical stimuli and transduce sensory information into cellular signals. Knowledge of the complete repertoire of the chemoreceptors expressed in human sensory ganglia is lacking. This study employed the next-generation sequencing(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma has a median survival of less than 6 months from diagnosis. This is due to the difficulty in early diagnosis, the aggressive biological behaviour of the tumour and a lack of effective therapies for advanced disease. Mammalian heparanase is a heparan-sulphate proteoglycan cleaving enzyme. It helps to degrade the extracellular(More)