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The aim of this study was to evaluate a possible role of microcracks in the pathogenesis of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) and to discuss an etiological model. Bone samples from 35 patients with ONJ were analyzed. Control samples were taken from five patients with osteomyelitis (OM), ten patients with osteoradionecrosis, seven(More)
Median survival time of nonresectable hilar bile duct cancer is only 4 to 6 months owing to tumor spread in the biliary tree, refractory cholestasis, and sepsis or liver failure. We explored whether local photodynamic therapy of nonresectable bile duct cancer could improve survival. A sample size of 23 patients is required to detect an increase in 6-month(More)
Background: Polypropylene (PP) meshes are currently being used in millions of operations for hernial repair. We tested several recently modified PP meshes to evaluate them in terms of their biocompatibility and handling characteristics during minimally invasive procedures. Methods: Four different PP meshes (a heavyweight PP, Atrium; a lightweight PP(More)
BACKGROUND Despite numerous experimental studies, conducted most often with the open small-animal model, the ideal structure for a mesh with maximum biocompatibility in the intraabdominal region has yet to be found. To date, few experimental models have been concerned with the laparoscopic intraabdominal implantation of meshes. Numerous experimental and(More)
The tumor-suppressor genes p14(ARF), p16(INK4a) and Tp53 are commonly inactivated in many tumors. We investigated their role in the pathogenesis of 9 bile tract cancer cell lines and 21 primary sporadic extrahepatic bile duct carcinomas. p53 and p16 protein expression was examined by Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry. Mutation screening of p53(More)
BACKGROUND Roughly 3000 new cases of Barrett's carcinoma arise in Germany each year. In view of recent advances in the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of this disease, an update of the clinical recommendations is in order. METHODS This review is based on selected relevant publications, including current reviews, meta-analyses, and guidelines. (More)
Cancer cells display widespread changes in DNA methylation that may lead to genetic instability by global hypomethylation and aberrant silencing of tumor suppressor genes by focal hypermethylation. In turn, altered DNA methylation patterns have been used to identify putative tumor suppressor genes. In a methylation screening approach, we identified ECRG4 as(More)
OBJECTIVE First, to analyze the strategy for 184 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma seen and treated at a single interdisciplinary hepatobiliary center during a 10-year period. Second, to compare long-term outcome in patients undergoing surgical or palliative treatment, and third to evaluate the role of photodynamic therapy in this concept. SUMMARY(More)