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Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a widely distributed neuropeptide that has various different functions in the nervous system and in non-neural tissues. Little is known about the effects of PACAP in endothelial cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of PACAP on endothelial cell survival and apoptotic(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a pleiotropic neuropeptide with a wide range of effects in the central and peripheral nervous systems. PACAP has well-documented neurotrophic and neuroprotective actions in both in vitro and in vivo models of different neuronal injuries. The aim of the present study was to investigate the(More)
Severe perinatal hypoxia-ischemia is an important cause of brain injury in both full-term and premature newborns, with a high risk of future behavioral and neurological deficits. The most commonly used animal model of neonatal hypoxia-ischemia is the unilateral ligation of the common carotid artery followed by exposure to hypoxia in 7-day-old rats. In spite(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a widely distributed neuropeptide that has numerous different actions. Recent studies have shown that PACAP exerts neuroprotective effects not only in vitro but also in vivo, in animal models of global and focal cerebral ischemia, Parkinson's disease and axonal injuries. Traumatic brain injury(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neurotrophic and neuroprotective peptide that has been shown to exert protective effects in different neuronal injuries, such as traumatic brain injury, models of neurodegenerative diseases and cerebral ischemia. We have provided evidence that PACAP is neuroprotective in several models of(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neurotrophic and neuroprotective peptide that has been shown to exert protective effects against different neuronal injuries, such as traumatic brain and spinal cord injury, models of neurodegenerative diseases, and cerebral ischemia. PACAP and its receptors are present in the retina. In this(More)
The aim of this study was to show the presence, distribution and function of the pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) and its receptors in the CNS and peripheral nervous system of the mollusk, Helix pomatia. PACAP-like and pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide receptor (PAC1-R)-like immunoreactivity was abundant both in(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) has well-known neuroprotective effects, and one of the main factors leading to neuroprotection seems to be its anti-apoptotic effects. The peptide and its receptors are present also in the heart, but whether PACAP can be protective in cardiomyocytes, is not known. Therefore, the aim of the present(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) exerts neuroprotective effects in various in vitro and in vivo models of cerebral pathologies. It has been shown that PACAP protects neurons in rat models of both global and focal ischemia. In the present study, we investigated factors that may play a role in the neuroprotective effects of PACAP.(More)
OBJECTIVES Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) belong to the same peptide family, and both neuropeptides have been shown to exert in vitro and in vivo neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects. The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare the protective effects of PACAP and VIP(More)