Andrea Stracciari

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In everyday life, the successful monitoring of behavior requires continuous updating of the effectiveness of motor acts; one crucial step is becoming aware of the movements one is performing. We studied the anatomical distribution of lesions in right-brain-damaged hemiplegic patients, who obstinately denied their motor impairment, claiming that they could(More)
Low-grade or minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is characterised by relatively mild neurocognitive impairments, and occurs in a substantial percentage of patients with liver disease. The presence of MHE is associated with a significant compromise of quality of life, is predictive of the onset of overt hepatic encephalopathy and is associated with a poorer(More)
BACKGROUND Brain edema and increased intracranial pressure worsen prognosis in patients with end-stage chronic cirrhosis. OBJECTIVE To use diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to quantify water apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in different brain regions of patients with chronic liver failure with or without hepatic encephalopathy. METHODS The authors(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term effects of liver transplantation (LT) on minimal hepatic encephalopathy are poorly documented. OBJECTIVE To assess the cognitive performance of patients with cirrhosis and without overt encephalopathy, before and after LT. DESIGN Longitudinal study comparing cognitive performance of patients with cirrhosis before LT and 6 to 18(More)
A brief battery for mental deterioration assessment was obtained by Discriminant Analysis techniques from the Mental Deterioration Battery (MDB) (1) and yielded 98% correct classifications in a sample of 60 subjects (30 pathological and 30 controls). This battery, named Brief Mental Deterioration Battery (BMDB), both quick and easy to administer, is(More)
We examined 199 consecutive patients who underwent 220 liver transplantations, to define the type, frequency and aetiology of posttransplant neurological complications and their prognostic value. We found neurological complications in 63 patients (32%), mostly involving the central nervous system. The most frequent complications were mental status changes(More)
BACKGROUND The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is a valid screening tool for the evaluation of cognitive decline. This study aimed to compute standardized norms for the Freedman version of the CDT in a population of 248 healthy Italian individuals aged from 20 to 89 years. METHOD The effects of age, education, and gender on performance were assessed. Three(More)
A systematic investigation of the cognitive functions of 22 patients affected with motor neuron disease (MND) compared to 36 controls matched for age and education was performed. The MND group showed cognitive performances slightly but significantly lower than the control group; 6 MND patients, however, had decidedly pathological values. Cognitive(More)
We examined by neuropsychological tests 41 patients who had presented attacks of transient global amnesia (TGA; 31 had single and 10 multiple episodes), comparing them with 41 matched normal controls. Patients with single attacks showed only two impaired memory tasks with respect to controls (immediate and long-term verbal memory), while patients with(More)
Liver transplantation (LT) is the best treatment for end-stage liver diseases but it entails a high incidence of neuropsychiatric complications. These may be related to the operation or occur postoperatively, usually within the first month. The occurrence of neurological problems after LT increases the risk of mortality. The etiology of such complications(More)