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In everyday life, the successful monitoring of behavior requires continuous updating of the effectiveness of motor acts; one crucial step is becoming aware of the movements one is performing. We studied the anatomical distribution of lesions in right-brain-damaged hemiplegic patients, who obstinately denied their motor impairment, claiming that they could(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term effects of liver transplantation (LT) on minimal hepatic encephalopathy are poorly documented. OBJECTIVE To assess the cognitive performance of patients with cirrhosis and without overt encephalopathy, before and after LT. DESIGN Longitudinal study comparing cognitive performance of patients with cirrhosis before LT and 6 to 18(More)
A brief battery for mental deterioration assessment was obtained by Discriminant Analysis techniques from the Mental Deterioration Battery (MDB) (1) and yielded 98% correct classifications in a sample of 60 subjects (30 pathological and 30 controls). This battery, named Brief Mental Deterioration Battery (BMDB), both quick and easy to administer, is(More)
A systematic investigation of the cognitive functions of 22 patients affected with motor neuron disease (MND) compared to 36 controls matched for age and education was performed. The MND group showed cognitive performances slightly but significantly lower than the control group; 6 MND patients, however, had decidedly pathological values. Cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND Brain edema and increased intracranial pressure worsen prognosis in patients with end-stage chronic cirrhosis. OBJECTIVE To use diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to quantify water apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in different brain regions of patients with chronic liver failure with or without hepatic encephalopathy. METHODS The authors(More)
We examined 199 consecutive patients who underwent 220 liver transplantations, to define the type, frequency and aetiology of posttransplant neurological complications and their prognostic value. We found neurological complications in 63 patients (32%), mostly involving the central nervous system. The most frequent complications were mental status changes(More)
Liver transplantation (LT) is the best treatment for end-stage liver diseases but it entails a high incidence of neuropsychiatric complications. These may be related to the operation or occur postoperatively, usually within the first month. The occurrence of neurological problems after LT increases the risk of mortality. The etiology of such complications(More)
Neurological impairment after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is common and represents a major source of morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis and management of neurological problems occurring after OLT are difficult and evidence-based guidelines for this task are currently lacking. A Task Force was set up under the auspices of the European(More)