Andrea Squartini

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The involvement of Rhizobium enzymes that degrade plant cell wall polymers has long been an unresolved question about the infection process in root nodule symbiosis. Here we report the production of enzymes from Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii that degrade carboxymethyl cellulose and polypectate model substrates with sensitive methods that reliably(More)
The death of honey bees, Apis mellifera L., and the consequent colony collapse disorder causes major losses in agriculture and plant pollination worldwide. The phenomenon showed increasing rates in the past years, although its causes are still awaiting a clear answer. Although neonicotinoid systemic insecticides used for seed coating of agricultural crops(More)
For over 7 centuries, production of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Egypt has benefited from rotation with Egyptian berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum). The nitrogen supplied by this rotation replaces 25- 33% of the recommended rate of fertilizer-N application for rice production. This benefit to the rice cannot be explained solely by an increased(More)
A series of gene cartridges containing a novel synthetic promoter (Psyn) was constructed. The Psyn sequence is based on the consensus of a number of naturally occurring promoters and displays strong activity in Escherichia coli and Rhizobium leguminosarum. In a direct comparison, Psyn proved to be about twice as strong as the tac promoter in E. coli, while(More)
The taxonomic identity of the hereditary prokaryotic symbiont of the olive fly Bactrocera oleae (Diptera: Tephritidae) was investigated. In order to avoid superficial microbial contaminants and loosely associated saprophytic biota, flies were surface-sterilized at the larval stage and reared under aseptic conditions until adult emergence. B. oleae flies(More)
A previous analysis showed that Gammaproteobacteria could be the sole recoverable bacteria from surface-sterilized nodules of three wild species of Hedysarum. In this study we extended the analysis to eight Mediterranean native, uninoculated legumes never previously investigated regarding their root-nodule microsymbionts. The structural organization of the(More)
A total of 274 bacterial strains were isolated from the root nodules of Prosopis juliflora, growing in two arid soils of the eastern area of Morocco. A physiological plate screening allowed the selection of 15 strains that could tolerate NaCl concentrations between 175 and 500 mM. These were compared with 15 strains chosen from among the ones which did not(More)
This work is the completion of a series of reports describing the nitrogen-fixing bacterial symbionts of sulla (Hedysarum coronarium L., Leguminosae) and providing the grounds for their proposal as a new taxon. The introduction summarizes a large amount of previous evidence gathered on the physiology, genetics and ecology of such organisms, which have in(More)
A study was carried out to assess the behaviour, in terms of strain survival and genetic stability, of genetically modified micro-organisms (GEMs) during their storage in commercial-type agricultural inoculants. Three genetically modified Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae strains were constructed, using a gene cassette containing an inducible lacZ gene(More)
The taxonomic and discriminatory power of RFLP analysis of PCR amplified parts of rhizobial rrn operons was compared to those of genomic PCR fingerprinting with arbitrary and repetitive primers. For this purpose, the two methods were applied for characterization of a group of bacterial isolates referred to as Rhizobium 'hedysari'. As outgroups,(More)