Andrea Schulz

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Prior genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of major depressive disorder (MDD) have met with limited success. We sought to increase statistical power to detect disease loci by conducting a GWAS mega-analysis for MDD. In the MDD discovery phase, we analyzed more than 1.2 million autosomal and X chromosome single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 18 759(More)
Whereas in Escherichia coli only one heat shock regulon is transiently induced by mild heat stress, for Bacillus subtilis three classes of heat shock genes regulated by different mechanisms have been described. Regulation of class I heat shock genes (dnaK and groE operons) involves an inverted repeat (CIRCE element) which most probably serves as an operator(More)
Childhood maltreatment and depressive disorders have both been associated with a dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The FKBP5 gene codes for a co-chaperone regulating the glucocorticoid-receptor sensitivity. Previous evidence suggests that subjects carrying the TT genotype of the FKBP5 gene single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is a heritable trait that exists on a continuum of varying severity and duration. Yet, the search for genetic variants associated with depression has had few successes. We exploit the entire continuum of depression to find common variants for depressive symptoms. METHODS In this genome-wide association study, we combined the results(More)
The insulin receptor-independent insulin-mimetic signalling provoked by the antidiabetic sulfonylurea drug, glimepiride, is accompanied by the redistribution and concomitant activation of lipid raft-associated signalling components, such as the acylated tyrosine kinase, pp59(Lyn), and some glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins (GPI-proteins). We(More)
Dysregulations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis have been implicated in the pathogenesis of depressive disorders and the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) was found to modulate emotional memory consolidation. Recently, two studies have reported an interaction between childhood abuse and the TAT-haplotype of the CRH-Receptor Gene (CRHR1)(More)
BACKGROUND Based on biological interactions between the serotonergic system and the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), BDNF is a plausible candidate for a gene-gene-environment interaction moderating the interaction between the s/l- promoter polymorphism of the serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR) and childhood abuse. We tested the hypothesis of a(More)
BACKGROUND Despite major surgical and medical advances, it is still a challenge to perform transplantation in small infants. This study, focusing on short- and long-term outcomes, summarizes our 10-year experience with liver transplantation (LTx) in infants aged less than 6 months. PATIENTS AND METHODS We analyzed 43 patients aged 6 months or less (range:(More)
We show that the htpG gene of Bacillus subtilis is induced by heat, as has been reported for the Escherichia coli homolog. Analysis of different mutants revealed that the htpG gene belongs to class III heat shock genes in B. subtilis. An about 10-fold induction after thermal upshock was found at the levels of both transcription and translation, and this(More)
BACKGROUND Ectropion repair is a challenge in plastic surgery. Depending on the etiology of the underlying problem, a variety of surgical techniques are available. The etiology, operative management, and recurrence rate are presented. OBJECTIVE An improvement of the deformity or, in the ideal case, a functional and aesthetic restoration should be(More)