Andrea Salis

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Specific effects of electrolytes have posed a challenge since the 1880's. The pioneering work was that of Franz Hofmeister who studied specific salt induced protein precipitation. These effects are the rule rather the exception and are ubiquitous in chemistry and biology. Conventional electrostatic theories (Debye-Hückel, DLVO, etc.) cannot explain such(More)
Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) and Thermomyces lanuginosa lipase (TLL) were evaluated as catalysts in different reaction media using hydrolysis of tributyrin as model reaction. In o/w emulsions, the enzymes were used in the free form and for use in monophasic organic media, the lipases were adsorbed on porous polypropylene (Accurel EP-100). In(More)
Potentiometric titrations were used to estimate the surface charge density of SBA-15 mesoporous silica in different salt solutions. It was found that surface charge depends both on cation type, following a Hofmeister series (Cs(+) < Guanidinium(+) < K(+) < Na(+) < Li(+)), and on salt concentration (in the range 0.05-1 M). The surface charge series is(More)
The Precessing Gamma Jets (GJ) in binary systems located in extended or evaporating galactic halo should be the source of GRB. The GJ are born by Inverse Compton Scattering (ICS) of thermal photons (optical, infrared,...) onto (power law) electron jets (from GeV energies and above) produced by spinning pulsars or black holes. The thermal photons are emitted(More)
Indocyanine green (ICG) is a cyanine compound that displays fluorescent properties in the near infrared region. This dye is employed for numerous indications but nowadays its major application field regards tumour diagnosis and treatments. Optical imaging by near infrared fluorescence provides news opportunities for oncologic surgery. The imaging of ICG can(More)
Oleic acid alkyl esters (biodiesel) were synthesised by biocatalysis in solvent-free conditions. Different commercial immobilised lipases, namely Candida antarctica B, Rizhomucor miehei, and Pseudomonas cepacia, were tested towards the reaction between triolein and butanol to produce butyl oleate. Pseudomonas cepacia lipase resulted to be the most active(More)
Self-emulsifying oil/surfactant mixtures can be incorporated into pellets that have the advantages of the oral administration of both microemulsions and a multiple-unit dosage form. The purpose of this work was to study the effects of surfactant hydrophilic–lipophilic balance (HLB) and oil/surfactant ratio on the formation and properties of self-emulsifying(More)
The effect of electrolytes on pH measurements via glass electrodes is explored with solutions buffered at pH 7 (phosphate and cacodylate). Salt and buffer concentrations are varied. Direct and reverse Hofmeister effects are observed. The phenomena are significant for salt concentrations above 0.1 M and for buffer concentrations below 20 mM. Changes in(More)
Protein solubility studies below the isoelectric point exhibit a direct Hofmeister series at high salt concentrations and an inverse Hofmeister series at low salt concentrations. The efficiencies of different anions measured by salt concentrations needed to effect precipitation at fixed cations are the usual Hofmeister series (Cl(-) > NO(3)(-) > Br(-) >(More)