Andrea Salis

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Oleic acid alkyl esters (biodiesel) were synthesised by biocatalysis in solvent-free conditions. Different commercial immobilised lipases, namely Candida antarctica B, Rizhomucor miehei, and Pseudomonas cepacia, were tested towards the reaction between triolein and butanol to produce butyl oleate. Pseudomonas cepacia lipase resulted to be the most active(More)
Indocyanine green (ICG) is a cyanine compound that displays fluorescent properties in the near infrared region. This dye is employed for numerous indications but nowadays its major application field regards tumour diagnosis and treatments. Optical imaging by near infrared fluorescence provides news opportunities for oncologic surgery. The imaging of ICG can(More)
Potentiometric titrations were used to estimate the surface charge density of SBA-15 mesoporous silica in different salt solutions. It was found that surface charge depends both on cation type, following a Hofmeister series (Cs(+) < Guanidinium(+) < K(+) < Na(+) < Li(+)), and on salt concentration (in the range 0.05-1 M). The surface charge series is(More)
Protein solubility studies below the isoelectric point exhibit a direct Hofmeister series at high salt concentrations and an inverse Hofmeister series at low salt concentrations. The efficiencies of different anions measured by salt concentrations needed to effect precipitation at fixed cations are the usual Hofmeister series (Cl(-) > NO(3)(-) > Br(-) >(More)
Self-emulsifying oil/surfactant mixtures can be incorporated into pellets that have the advantages of the oral administration of both microemulsions and a multiple-unit dosage form. The purpose of this work was to study the effects of surfactant hydrophilic–lipophilic balance (HLB) and oil/surfactant ratio on the formation and properties of self-emulsifying(More)
Specific effects of electrolytes have posed a challenge since the 1880's. The pioneering work was that of Franz Hofmeister who studied specific salt induced protein precipitation. These effects are the rule rather the exception and are ubiquitous in chemistry and biology. Conventional electrostatic theories (Debye-Hückel, DLVO, etc.) cannot explain such(More)
Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) and Thermomyces lanuginosa lipase (TLL) were evaluated as catalysts in different reaction media using hydrolysis of tributyrin as model reaction. In o/w emulsions, the enzymes were used in the free form and for use in monophasic organic media, the lipases were adsorbed on porous polypropylene (Accurel EP-100). In(More)
Experiments on bovine serum albumin (BSA) via potentiometric titration (PT) and electrophoretic light scattering (ELS) are used to study specific-ion binding. The effect is appreciable at a physiological concentration of 0.1 M. We found that anions bind to the protein surface at an acidic pH, where the protein carries a positive charge (Z(p) > 0), according(More)
A modified Poisson-Boltzmann analysis is made of the double layer interaction between two silica surfaces and two alumina surfaces in chloride electrolyte. The analysis incorporates nonelectrostatic ion-surface dispersion interactions based on ab initio ionic excess polarizabilities with finite ion sizes. A hydration model for the tightly held hydration(More)
The points of zero charge/potential of proteins depend not only on pH but also on how they are measured. They depend also on background salt solution type and concentration. The protein isoelectric point (IEP) is determined by electrokinetical measurements, whereas the isoionic point (IIP) is determined by potentiometric titrations. Here we use(More)