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We provide comprehensive knowledge on the differential regulation of expression and catalysis of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 in health and disease which represents an essential requirement to read out the clinical consequences of selective and nonselective inhibition of COX-isozymes in humans. Furthermore, we describe the pharmacodynamic and(More)
Adult stem cell niches are often co-inhabited by cycling and quiescent stem cells. In the intestine, lineage tracing has identified Lgr5(+) cells as frequently cycling stem cells, whereas Bmi1(+), mTert(+), Hopx(+) and Lrig1(+) cells appear to be more quiescent. Here, we have applied a non-mutagenic and cell cycle independent approach to isolate and(More)
Green fluorescent protein (GFP) variants with higher expression efficiencies have been generated by mutagenesis. Favorable mutations often improve the folding of GFP. However, an effect on protein folding fails to explain the efficiency of several other GFP mutations. In this work, we demonstrate that mutations of the GFP open reading frame and untranslated(More)
In fertile women, the endometrium undergoes regular cycles of tissue build-up and regression. It is likely that uterine stem cells are involved in this remarkable turn over. The main goal of our current investigations was to identify slow-cycling (quiescent) endometrial stem cells by means of a pulse-chase approach to selectively earmark, prospectively(More)
OBJECTIVE A high percentage of grade II and III gliomas have mutations in the gene encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH1). This mutation is always a heterozygous point mutation that affects the amino acid arginine at position 132 and results in loss of its native enzymatic activity and gain of alternative enzymatic activity (producing(More)
Aspirin affords cardioprotection through the acetylation of serine529 in human cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) of anucleated platelets, inducing a permanent defect in thromboxane A2 (TXA2)-dependent platelet function. However, heterogeneity of COX-1 suppression by aspirin has been detected in cardiovascular disease and may contribute to failure to prevent clinical(More)
Canonical Wnt signaling plays a rate-limiting role in regulating self-renewal and differentiation in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs). We have previously shown that mutation in the Apc (adenomatous polyposis coli) tumor suppressor gene constitutively activates Wnt signaling in ESCs and inhibits their capacity to differentiate towards ecto-, meso-, and(More)
Lysophosphatidylinositol (LysoPtdIns) is formed by a constitutively-active phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase A2 in Ras-transformed cells and can stimulate cell proliferation. To evaluate whether LysoPtdIns could function as an autocrine modulator of cell growth, we examined whether LysoPtdIns can be released in the medium of Ras-transformed FRT-Fibro(More)
Trop-2/EGP-1/GA733-1 is a recently identified cell surface glycoprotein highly expressed by human carcinomas. The cytoplasmic tail of Trop-2 possesses potential serine and tyrosine phosphorylation sites and a phosphatidyl-inositol binding consensus sequence. Thus, we investigated whether Trop-2 might be a functional signaling molecule. Using the fluorescent(More)
In squamous cell carcinoma, the levels of nitric oxide (NO) derived from inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) derived from cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) originated from tumor cells or tumor-associated inflammatory cells have been reported to correlate with tumor growth, metastasis, and angiogenesis. The present study examined the role of the(More)