Andrea Sacchetti

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We provide comprehensive knowledge on the differential regulation of expression and catalysis of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 in health and disease which represents an essential requirement to read out the clinical consequences of selective and nonselective inhibition of COX-isozymes in humans. Furthermore, we describe the pharmacodynamic and(More)
Trop-2/EGP-1/GA733-1 is a recently identified cell surface glycoprotein highly expressed by human carcinomas. The cytoplasmic tail of Trop-2 possesses potential serine and tyrosine phosphorylation sites and a phosphatidyl-inositol binding consensus sequence. Thus, we investigated whether Trop-2 might be a functional signaling molecule. Using the fluorescent(More)
In squamous cell carcinoma, the levels of nitric oxide (NO) derived from inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) derived from cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) originated from tumor cells or tumor-associated inflammatory cells have been reported to correlate with tumor growth, metastasis, and angiogenesis. The present study examined the role of the(More)
We performed genotyping and exon-level expression profiling on 21 glioblastomas (GBMs) and 19 oligodendrogliomas (ODs) to identify genes involved in glioma initiation and/or progression. Low-copy number amplifications (2.5 < n < 7) and high-copy number amplifications (n > 7) were more frequently observed in GBMs; ODs generally have more heterozygous(More)
In fertile women, the endometrium undergoes regular cycles of tissue build-up and regression. It is likely that uterine stem cells are involved in this remarkable turn over. The main goal of our current investigations was to identify slow-cycling (quiescent) endometrial stem cells by means of a pulse-chase approach to selectively earmark, prospectively(More)
OBJECTIVE A high percentage of grade II and III gliomas have mutations in the gene encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH1). This mutation is always a heterozygous point mutation that affects the amino acid arginine at position 132 and results in loss of its native enzymatic activity and gain of alternative enzymatic activity (producing(More)
Green fluorescent protein (GFP) variants with higher expression efficiencies have been generated by mutagenesis. Favorable mutations often improve the folding of GFP. However, an effect on protein folding fails to explain the efficiency of several other GFP mutations. In this work, we demonstrate that mutations of the GFP open reading frame and untranslated(More)
Canonical Wnt signaling plays a rate-limiting role in regulating self-renewal and differentiation in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs). We have previously shown that mutation in the Apc (adenomatous polyposis coli) tumor suppressor gene constitutively activates Wnt signaling in ESCs and inhibits their capacity to differentiate towards ecto-, meso-, and(More)
Aspirin affords cardioprotection through the acetylation of serine529 in human cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) of anucleated platelets, inducing a permanent defect in thromboxane A2 (TXA2)-dependent platelet function. However, heterogeneity of COX-1 suppression by aspirin has been detected in cardiovascular disease and may contribute to failure to prevent clinical(More)
Primary cultures of cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) were prepared from 8-day-old Wistar rats, and maintained in an appropriate medium containing a high (25 mM) concentration of KCl. To induce apoptosis, culture medium was replaced with serum-free medium (containing 5mM KCl) 8 days after plating. Apoptosis was measured by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl(More)