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Assessment of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is highly important in neurodegenerative disorders and neuroleptic treatment. However, conflicting results have been reported, which may arise from methodological difficulties. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome with episodic hypoxia-reoxygenation is proposed as a human model for the investigation of ROS(More)
Polysomnographic sleep patterns and melatonin secretion were investigated in 10 patients (age: 41.3 +/- 9.5 years) who suffered from chronic primary insomnia and complained predominantly about difficulties in maintaining sleep and in five healthy controls (age 27.2 +/- 0.7 years). Nocturnal plasma melatonin concentrations were obtained hourly, measured by(More)
The fate and disposition of the melatonin released into the circulation is still poorly understood, and almost all current knowledge is derived from measurements made after a single and often a very large dose of labelled melatonin. In continuous infusion experiments in freely moving rats, we have recently demonstrated that considerable amounts of melatonin(More)
BACKGROUND Narcolepsy is characterised by excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and cataplexy. Histamine neurons are crucial to maintain wakefulness. We assessed the safety and efficacy of pitolisant (previously called BF2.649), a selective histamine H3 receptor inverse agonist that activates these neurons, in patients with narcolepsy. METHODS For this(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of quetiapine, an atypical antipsychotic, on polysomnographic sleep structure and subjective sleep quality. This double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized cross-over study investigated the polysomnographic sleep structure and subjective sleep quality of 14 healthy male subjects given placebo,(More)
In two 4-week polysomnography pilot studies with 10 patients each, we investigated the efficacy of oral lisuride as monotherapy in de novo RLS patients as well as in combination with levodopa in advanced RLS. Daily doses at study end were 0.3 mg lisuride, plus 150 mg levodopa in the combination study. Marked improvements occurred in both studies in(More)
L-Tryptophan (Trp) was widely used as a natural tool for the support of serotonin-mediated brain functions and as a challenge probe for the assessment of serotonin-mediated neuroendocrine responses. The metabolic fate of the administered Trp and the kinetics of the accumulation of Trp metabolites in the circulation, however, have never thoroughly been(More)
Recent research provides evidence for an interaction between sleep and the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis, but detailed studies in patients are still missing. We investigated hourly evening and nocturnal plasma cortisol secretion and sleep in seven male patients with severe chronic primary insomnia and age- and gender-matched(More)
The effect of abrupt medication withdrawal (no-pill discontinuation) was investigated in 1507 insomniacs using the patients' self-ratings on visual analogue scales. Drug discontinuation followed a 28-day treatment period with either 7.5 mg zopiclone, 0.25 mg triazolam, 1.0 mg flunitrazepam, or placebo in a randomized, double-blind, parallel group,(More)
RATIONALE Increased activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is an important aspect of the pathophysiology of major depression and schizophrenia. Despite the usefulness of atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of depression and their positive influence on cognitive functioning possibly related to their impact on cortisol, little is known(More)