Andrea Quaroni

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We characterized the three-dimensional organization of microtubules in the human intestinal epithelial cell line Caco-2 by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Microtubules formed a dense network approximately 4-microns thick parallel to the cell surface in the apical pole and a loose network 1-micron thick in the basal pole. Between the apical and the basal(More)
Rat small intestinal epithelial cell lines have been established in vitro and subcultured serially for periods up to 6 mo. These cells have an epithelioid morphology, grow as monolayers of closely opposed polygonal cells, and during the logarithmic phase of growth have a population doubling time of 19--22 h. Ultrastructural studies revealed the presence of(More)
To investigate the biosynthetic basis for the mosaic expression of brush border enzymes in confluent Caco-2 cells, a human colon carcinoma cell line exhibiting characteristics of adult small intestinal enterocytes, we have obtained a series of clones differing markedly in their growth rates, amounts of transforming growth factor-alpha/epidermal growth(More)
Two biosynthetic pathways exist for delivery of membrane proteins to the apical surface of epithelial cells, direct transport from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and transcytosis from the basolateral membrane. Different epithelial cells vary in the expression of these mechanisms. Two extremes are MDCK cells, that use predominantly the direct route and(More)
In this study, we have investigated the possibility that glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins form insoluble membrane complexes in Caco-2 cells and that transmembrane proteins are associated with these complexes. GPI-anchored proteins were mainly resistant to Triton X-100 (TX-100) extraction at 4 degrees C but fully soluble in(More)
The detailed mechanistic aspects for the final starch digestion process leading to effective alpha-glucogenesis by the 2 mucosal alpha-glucosidases, human sucrase-isomaltase complex (SI) and human maltase-glucoamylase (MGAM), are poorly understood. This is due to the structural complexity and vast variety of starches and their intermediate digestion(More)
The integrity of the gastrointestinal tract represents a crucial first level defence against ingested toxins. Among them, Nivalenol is a trichotecenes mycotoxin frequently found on cereals and processed grains; when it contaminates human food and animal feed it is often associated with another widespread contaminant, Deoxynivalenol. Following their(More)
Seven monoclonal antibodies were prepared against cytoskeletal components of rat intestinal brush borders. In the following paper (Chandler, J. S., Calnek, D., and Quaroni, A., J. Biol. Chem. 266, 11932-11938), three of them were shown to be specific for, respectively, keratin 8 (RK4), keratin 19 (RK7), and a newly identified type I keratin (keratin 21)(More)
Expression and synthesis of sucrase-isomaltase (SI) were studied in human jejunum and in the colon tumor cell lines Caco-2 and HT-29. Twelve monoclonal antibodies produced against the adult human intestinal enzyme were shown to recognize specifically SI by immunoprecipitation of 14C-labeled membrane proteins, analysis of enzyme activities in the(More)
The distribution of the major keratin mRNAs expressed during terminal differentiation and fetal development of the rat intestinal epithelium has been examined by in situ hybridization. We have obtained and characterized a partial cDNA clone encoding human keratin 20 whose sequence spans from the coil la region through the 3' poly(A) tail. Sequence data and(More)