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BACKGROUND Besides clinical tumour size, other anatomical aspects of the renal tumour are routinely considered when evaluating the feasibility of elective nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). OBJECTIVE To propose an original, standardised classification of renal tumours suitable for NSS based on their anatomical features and size and to evaluate the ability of(More)
During modified radical mastectomy or cosmetic surgery, denervation of the lower part of the pectoralis major frequently occurs and may reduce muscle spasm, with consequent better reconstruction of the breast. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the pectoral nerves and the pectoral muscles. Eight unembalmed female cadavers were(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphology of the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS). Eight embalmed cadavers were analyzed: one side of the face was macroscopically dissected; on the other side, full-thickness samples of the parotid, zygomatic, nasolabial fold and buccal regions were taken. In all specimens, a laminar connective(More)
AIMS To perform a morphometric analysis of carotid bodies in opiate addicts. METHODS AND RESULTS Carotid bodies were sampled at autopsy from 35 subjects who died of heroin intoxication (mean age 26 years), and from eight young (22 years) and eight older subjects (66.5 years) who died of trauma. Sections were stained with haematoxylin-eosin, azan-Mallory,(More)
The adverse biological effects of continuous exposure to cobalt and chromium have been well defined. In the past, this toxicity was largely an industrial issue concerning workers exposed in occupational setting. Nevertheless, recent reports have described a specific toxicity mediated by the high levels of cobalt and chromium released by metallic prostheses,(More)
Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors, i.e. rolipram, are being extensively investigated as therapeutic agents in several diseases. Emesis is one of the most common side effects of PDE4 inhibitors. Given the fact that the area postrema is considered the chemoreceptor trigger zone for vomiting, the present study investigates the regional distribution and(More)
It has been proposed that the superficial part of the portal fissures weakens the surface hepatic parenchyma, allowing the development of accessory sulci caused by diaphragmatic pressure. To evaluate the relationship of the sulci in the antero-superior surface of the right liver with the right portal fissure, macroscopic post mortem examination of 85 livers(More)
Spexin is a highly conserved peptide which was recently identified through the bioinformatics approach. Immunohistochemical analysis of its expression has not yet been performed. Thus, in this study, we examined spexin location in a wide range of rat organs by both RT-PCR and IHC. RT-PCR identified spexin mRNA in all tissues examined. Spexin immunoreaction(More)
Recent anatomic investigations of the lateral structures of the knee have rediscovered a ligament, called the antero-lateral ligament (ALL). Ten specimens of ALL (6 M, 4 F, mean age 82.3) were sampled from bodies of the Body Donation program of the University of Padova for histological and immuno-histochemical studies. Moreover, a retrospective magnetic(More)
The aim of the present study is to give a review of the postnatal development of peripheral chemoreceptors - carotid body, paraganglia, and pulmonary neuroendocrine cells (PNEC) - with implications in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). In the postnatal period, the hypoxic chemosensitivity of the carotid body gradually develops. Changes include(More)