Andrea Pickering

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OBJECTIVE Many authors have implicated the media's promotion of an unrealistically thin ideal for women as a major causal factor in the current high levels of body dissatisfaction and increasing incidence of eating disorders. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between exposure to one medium, television, and body dissatisfaction and(More)
BACKGROUND Certain personality traits may mediate the relationship between familiality and adversity in causing depression. AIMS To examine whether the neuroticism and extraversion scales of the Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) represent enduring traits underlying the vulnerability to respond to adversity by developing depressive episodes. METHOD A(More)
BACKGROUND We examined eating attitudes, personality, and parental bonding in women with a history of anorexia nervosa stratified by degree of recovery in comparison to randomly selected controls. We were interested in the distinguishing characteristics of recovery and of chronic anorexia nervosa. METHOD All female new referrals to an eating disorders(More)
OBJECTIVE Although there have been many studies of the outcome of anorexia nervosa, methodological weaknesses limit their interpretation. The authors used a case-control design to try to improve knowledge about the outcome of anorexia nervosa. METHOD All new female patients referred to an eating disorders service between Jan. 1, 1981, and Dec. 31, 1984,(More)
BACKGROUND Women who have anorexia nervosa may experience difficulties with fertility and reproduction. METHOD We examined fertility and reproductive history in 66 women who had a history of anorexia nervosa (DSM-III-R) and 98 randomly selected community controls as part of a follow-up investigation examining the course of anorexia nervosa. RESULTS(More)
Latent inhibition (LI) is a measure of reduced learning about a stimulus to which there has been prior exposure without any consequence. It therefore requires a comparison between a pre-exposed (PE) and a non-pre-exposed (NPE) condition. Since, in animals, LI is disrupted by amphetamines and enhanced by antipsychotics, LI disruption has been proposed as a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of knee problems in people aged 55 years and over and identify those who should be considered for knee arthroplasty. DESIGN Postal survey; questionnaires were sent to a multistage stratified probability sample of residents of North Yorkshire Health Authority aged 55 and over. SETTING A health district with a(More)
For many years, the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) has provided an effective measure of disability. Recently, some debate has emerged about whether or not the HAQ is an "ordinal' or "interval' scale. The opportunity to test its level of measurement arose when the scale was applied in a community survey which undertook a two-stage random(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of stroke survivors in a health district population aged 55 years and over. DESIGN This was a point prevalence study using two-stage postal questionnaires sent to an age stratified random sample of the population. SETTING A district health authority in northern England with a resident(More)