Andrea Pettenazzo

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BACKGROUND Patients who underwent Fontan operation have some degree of liver disease. We aimed to assess the long-term liver and cardiac function after Fontan operation. METHODS Patients enrolled underwent physical examination, biochemical tests (aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, bilirubin, international(More)
BACKGROUND Urea cycle disorders (UCD) have a poor prognosis despite dietary and pharmacologic therapy, especially if the onset of the disease is within the neonatal period. They are promising target diseases for liver cell transplantation (LCT), which may be a less invasive alternative or supplementation to orthotopic liver transplantation. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess how clinical practice of noninvasive ventilation has evolved in the Italian PICUs. DESIGN National, multicentre, retrospective, observational cohort. SETTING Thirteen Italian medical/surgical PICUs that participated in the Italian PICU Network. PATIENTS Seven thousand one-hundred eleven admissions of children with 0-16 years old(More)
Nonviral vectors might represent a safe alternative to adenovirus for gene therapy of lung disorders, in particular cystic fibrosis (CF). Cationic lipids have been shown to correct the CF defect both in vitro and in vivo, but more efficient vectors are needed to improve the low gene transfer efficiency. Here, we show that the cationic polymer ExGen 500, a(More)
High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a widely used ventilatory support in children with bronchiolitis in the intensive care setting. No data is available on HFNC use in the general pediatric ward. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of HFNC oxygen therapy in infants hospitalized in a pediatric ward for moderate–severe bronchiolitis and to(More)
Before being considered for a cystic fibrosis (CF) gene therapy trial, any gene delivery agent must be able to show that it produces low levels of toxicity as well as being able to protect the DNA from nuclease degradation. Here we show that complexes of linear polyethylenimine (L-PEI) and DNA can repeatedly be administered to animals (up to 21 consecutive(More)
Human surfactant protein C (hSP-C(1-197)) is synthesized as a 197 amino acid proprotein and cleaved to a mature 3.7 kD form. Although interstitial lung disease in patients with mutations of the hSP-C gene is becoming increasingly recognized, the mechanisms linking molecular events with clinical pathogenesis are not fully defined. We describe a full-term(More)
Transformations of surfactant after secretion are incompletely understood. To clarify them, we lavaged lungs in fetuses and in newborn rabbits, fractionated the lavage fluid by differential and density gradient centrifugation, and analyzed the distribution of surfactant protein (SP) phospholipids, SP-A, SP-B, and SP-C. Furthermore, we administered into(More)
Amiodarone may induce lung damage by direct toxicity or indirectly through inflammation. To clarify the mechanism of direct toxicity, we briefly exposed rabbit alveolar macrophages to amiodarone and analyzed their morphology, synthesis, and degradation of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC); distribution of lysosomal enzymes; and uptake of diphtheria(More)
This report presents the long-term (36 months) neurologic outcome in 12 neonates and 9 children who survived after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and attempts to identify its prognostic indicators through a prospective study in the pediatric intensive care unit of a university hospital. Outcome assessment, neurodevelopmental tests,(More)