Andrea Pennati

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Although all ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductases (FNRs) catalyze the same reaction, i.e. the transfer of reducing equivalents between NADP(H) and ferredoxin, they belong to two unrelated families of proteins: the plant-type and the glutathione reductase-type of FNRs. Aim of this review is to provide a general classification scheme for these enzymes, to be used as(More)
Quantitative analysis of Ca(2+) fluctuations in the endoplasmic/sarcoplasmic reticulum (ER/SR) is essential to defining the mechanisms of Ca(2+)-dependent signaling under physiological and pathological conditions. Here, we developed a unique class of genetically encoded indicators by designing a Ca(2+) binding site in the EGFP. One of them, calcium sensor(More)
The choline oxidase (CHOA) and betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH) genes identified in Aspergillus fumigatus are present as a cluster specific for fungal genomes. Biochemical and molecular analyses of this cluster showed that it has very specific biochemical and functional features that make it unique and different from its plant and bacterial homologs.(More)
Fusokines are chimeric proteins generated by the physical coupling of cytokines in a single polypeptide, resulting in proteins with highly pleiotropic activity and the potential to treat cancer and autoimmune ailments. For instance, the fusokine GIFT15 (GM-CSF and Interleukin 15 Fusion Transgene) has been shown to be a powerful immunosuppressive protein(More)
The hemolytic Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a notorious human pathogen. Shr protein of GAS participates in iron acquisition by obtaining heme from host hemoglobin and delivering it to the adjacent receptor on the surface, Shp. Heme is then conveyed to the SiaABC proteins for transport across the membrane. Using rapid kinetic studies, we investigated the(More)
The celibacy and fertility rates of 186 patients with major affective disorders were analysed as a function of the presence or absence of histories of mood congruent delusions or suicidal behaviour in the depressive phases of the disease. Both delusional and suicidal histories were irrelevant to celibacy rates. On the contrary, delusional depressives had a(More)
Atomic co-ordinates and structure factors for the T67R/S92D metMbCN mutant have been deposited with the Protein Data Bank, under accession codes 1h1x and r1h1xsf, respectively. Protein engineering and cofactor replacement have been employed as tools to introduce/modulate peroxidase activity in sperm whale Mb (myoglobin). Based on the rationale that haem(More)
Glycolate oxidase is a flavin-dependent, peroxisomal enzyme that oxidizes alpha-hydroxy acids to the corresponding alpha-keto acids, with reduction of oxygen to H(2)O(2). In plants, the enzyme participates in photorespiration. In humans, it is a potential drug target for treatment of primary hyperoxaluria, a genetic disorder where overproduction of oxalate(More)
In the apicoplast of apicomplexan parasites, plastidic-type ferredoxin and ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase (FNR) form a short electron transport chain that provides reducing power for the synthesis of isoprenoid precursors. These proteins are attractive targets for the development of novel drugs against diseases such as malaria, toxoplasmosis, and coccidiosis.(More)
The modification of human myoglobin (HMb) by reaction with nitrite and hydrogen peroxide has been investigated. This reaction is important because NO(2) (-) and H(2)O(2) are formed in vivo under conditions of oxidative and nitrative stress, where protein derivatization has been often observed. The abundance of HMb in tissues and in the heart makes it a(More)