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Huntington's disease (HD) is a fatal, genetic, neurodegenerative disorder characterized by deficits in motor and cognitive function. Here, we have quantitatively characterized motor deficiencies and dopamine release dynamics in transgenic HD model rats. Behavioral analyses were conducted using a newly-developed force-sensing runway and a(More)
Recent evidence has suggested that mitochondrial dysfunction may lead to impaired neurotransmitter exocytosis in transgenic Huntington's disease (HD) model mice. To gain insight into the impact of mitochondrial impairment on striatal dopamine release in vivo, we used fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) at carbon fiber microelectrodes to measure dopamine(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a fatal, neurodegenerative movement disorder characterized by preferential and extensive striatal degeneration. Here, we used fast-scan cyclic voltammetry to study the mobilization and efflux of reserve pool dopamine (DA) in striatal brain slices from HD model R6/2 mice. When applying stimulus trains of 120 pulses, evoked DA(More)
In this study we evaluated the relationship between amphetamine-induced behavioral alterations and dopamine release and uptake characteristics in Fmr1 knockout (Fmr1 KO) mice, which model fragile X syndrome. The behavioral analyses, obtained at millisecond temporal resolution and 2 mm spatial resolution using a force-plate actometer, revealed that Fmr1 KO(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative movement disorder. Here, we used fast-scan cyclic voltammetry to measure dopamine release and uptake in striatal brain slices from R6/1 HD model mice. Peak dopamine release ([DA](max)) was significantly diminished in R6/1 mice (52% of wild-type at 24 weeks of age). Similarly, dopamine released(More)
Methionine sulfoxide reductase A knockout (MsrA-/-) mice, which serve as a potential model for neurodegeneration, suffer from increased oxidative stress and have previously been found to have chronically elevated brain dopamine (DA) content levels relative to control mice. Additionally, these high levels parallel the increased presynaptic DA release. In(More)
Previous research suggests that brain oxidative stress and altered rodent locomotor behavior are linked. We observed bio-behavioral changes in methionine sulfoxide reductase A knockout mice associated with abnormal dopamine signaling. Compromised ability of these knockout mice to reduce methionine sulfoxide enhances accumulation of sulfoxides in proteins.(More)
We presented a one year old seven months old patients that had undergone a double barreled proximal ileostomy-sigmoidostomy after resection of most of the ileum, ascending, transverse and descending colon due to Hirschsprung's enterocolitis; that was admitted for anorectal-sigmoid myotomy and ileosigmoidostomy. The advantages of Kasai's procedure (anorectal(More)
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