Andrea N. Ladd

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Alternative splicing of cardiac troponin T (cTNT) exon 5 undergoes a developmentally regulated switch such that exon inclusion predominates in embryonic, but not adult, striated muscle. We previously described four muscle-specific splicing enhancers (MSEs) within introns flanking exon 5 in chicken cTNT that are both necessary and sufficient for exon(More)
Mutations in the ETR1 gene of the higher plant Arabidopsis confer insensitivity to ethylene, indicating a role for the gene product in ethylene signal perception and transduction. The ETR1 gene product has an amino-terminal hydrophobic domain and a carboxyl-terminal domain showing homology to the two-component signal transduction proteins of bacteria. We(More)
Previous studies have identified two signaling interactions regulating cardiac myogenesis in avians, a hypoblast-derived signal acting on epiblast and mediated by activin or a related molecule and an endoderm-derived signal acting on mesoderm and involving BMP-2. In this study, experiments were designed to investigate the temporal relationship between these(More)
RNA processing is important for generating protein diversity and modulating levels of protein expression. The CUG-BP, Elav-like family (CELF) of RNA-binding proteins regulate several steps of RNA processing in the nucleus and cytoplasm, including pre-mRNA alternative splicing, C to U RNA editing, deadenylation, mRNA decay, and translation. In vivo, CELF(More)
Members of the CELF family of RNA binding proteins have been implicated in alternative splicing regulation in developing heart. Transgenic mice that express a nuclear dominant-negative CELF protein specifically in the heart (MHC-CELFDelta) develop cardiac hypertrophy and dilated cardiomyopathy with defects in alternative splicing beginning as early as 3(More)
Alternative splicing of pre-mRNAs is central to the generation of diversity from the relatively small number of genes in metazoan genomes. Auxiliary cis elements and trans-acting factors are required for the recognition of constitutive and alternatively spliced exons and their inclusion in pre-mRNA. Here, we discuss the regulatory elements that direct(More)
An in vitro assay has been developed to investigate tissue interactions regulating myocardial cell specification in birds. Explants from the posterior region of stage XI-XIV blastulas were found to form heart muscle at high frequency with a timing that corresponded to onset of cardiac myocyte differentiation in vivo. Isolation and recombination experiments(More)
Cardiac troponin T (cTNT) exon 5 splicing is developmentally regulated such that it is included in embryonic but not adult heart. CUG-BP and ETR-3-like factor (CELF) proteins promote exon inclusion, whereas polypyrimidine tract binding protein (PTB) and muscleblind-like (MBNL) proteins repress inclusion. In this study, we addressed what happens to these(More)
We previously described a family of five RNA-binding proteins: CUG-binding protein, embryonic lethal abnormal vision-type RNA-binding protein 3, and the CUG-binding protein and embryonic lethal abnormal vision-type RNA-binding protein 3-like factors (CELFs) 3, 4, and 5. We demonstrated that all five of these proteins specifically activate exon inclusion of(More)
Valvulogenesis and septation in the developing heart depend on the formation and remodeling of endocardial cushions in the atrioventricular canal (AVC) and outflow tract (OFT). These cushions are invaded by a subpopulation of endocardial cells that undergo an epithelial-mesenchymal transition in response to paracrine and autocrine transforming growth factor(More)