Andrea Mozzarelli

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Cysteine is the final product of the reductive sulfate assimilation pathway in bacteria and plants and serves as the precursor for all sulfur-containing biological compounds, such as methionine, S-adenosyl methionine, iron-sulfur clusters and glutathione. Moreover, in several microorganisms cysteine plays a role as a reducing agent, eventually counteracting(More)
The enormous success of structural biology challenges the physical scientist. Can biophysical studies provide a truly deeper understanding of how a protein works than can be obtained from static structures and qualitative analysis of biochemical data? We address this question in a case study by presenting the key concepts and experimental results that have(More)
Drug Discovery Targeting Amino Acid Racemases Paola Conti, Lucia Tamborini, Andrea Pinto, Arnaud Blondel, Paola Minoprio, Andrea Mozzarelli, and Carlo De Micheli* Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche “P. Pratesi”, via Mangiagalli 25, 20133 Milano, Italy Institut Pasteur, Unit e de Bioinformatique Structurale, CNRS-URA 2185, D epartement de Biologie(More)
BACKGROUND Lignin degradation leads to the formation of a broad spectrum of aromatic molecules that can be used by various fungal micro-organisms as their sole source of carbon. When grown on phenolic compounds, Penicillium simplicissimum induces the strong impression of a flavin-containing vanillyl-alcohol oxidase (VAO). The enzyme catalyses the oxidation(More)
Serine acetyltransferase is a key enzyme in the sulfur assimilation pathway of bacteria and plants, and is known to form a bienzyme complex with O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase, the last enzyme in the cysteine biosynthetic pathway. The biological function of the complex and the mechanism of reciprocal regulation of the constituent enzymes are still poorly(More)
Static and time-resolved fluorescence of the internal aldimine of the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzyme O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase (OASS) and those of free PLP, and the PLP-L-valine Schiff base have been measured to gain insight into the photophysics of PLP bound to OASS. Exciting at 330 nm, free coenzyme exhibits a band at 415 nm, whereas(More)
D-Amino acid oxidase (DAAO) is the prototype of the flavin-containing oxidases. It catalyzes the oxidative deamination of various D-amino acids, ranging from D-Ala to D-Trp. We have carried out the X-ray analysis of reduced DAAO in complex with the reaction product imino tryptophan (iTrp) and of the covalent adduct generated by the photoinduced reaction of(More)
Monovalent cations affect both conformational and catalytic properties of the tryptophan synthase alpha 2 beta 2 complex from Salmonella typhimurium. Their influence on the dynamic properties of the enzyme was probed by monitoring the phosphorescence decay of the unique Trp-177 beta, a residue located near the beta-active site, at the interface between(More)
Despite decades of investigations, it is not yet clear whether there are rules dictating the specificity of the interaction between amino acids and nucleotide bases. This issue was addressed by determining, in a dataset consisting of 100 high-resolution protein-DNA structures, the frequency and energy of interaction between each amino acid and base, and the(More)
The binding of substrates and inhibitors to wild-type Proteus vulgaris tryptophan indole-lyase and to wild type and Y71F Citrobacter freundii tyrosine phenol-lyase was investigated in the crystalline state by polarized absorption microspectrophotometry. Oxindolyl-lalanine binds to tryptophan indole-lyase crystals to accumulate predominantly a stable(More)