Andrea Moreira Monteiro

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BACKGROUND Recently, there has been an increasing in the impact of oral health on atherosclerosis and subsequent cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between chronic periodontitis and cardiovascular risk markers. METHODS Forty patients with periodontitis and 40 healthy gender-, body mass index-, and age-matched(More)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is an inflammatory state associated with high coronary disease risk. Inflammation and adaptive immunity modulate atherosclerosis and plaque instability. We examined early changes in anti-oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (anti-oxLDL) autoantibodies (Abs) in patients with MetS after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Patients of(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidized lipoproteins and antioxidized low-density lipoprotein (anti-oxLDL) antibodies (Abs) have been detected in plasma in response to blood pressure (BP) elevation, suggesting the participation of the adaptive immune system. Therefore, treatment of hypertension may act on the immune response by decreasing oxidation stimuli. However, this issue(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidized lipoproteins and antibodies anti-oxidized low-density lipoprotein (anti-oxLDL) have been detected in human plasma and in atherosclerotic lesions. However, the role of these autoantibodies in the maintenance of vascular health or in the pathogenesis of acute vascular insults remains unclear. We examined the relationship of human(More)
Modifications in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) have emerged as a major pathogenic factor of atherosclerosis, which is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in the western world. Measurements of the heat diffusivity of human LDL solutions in their native and in vitro oxidized states are presented by using the Z-Scan (ZS) technique. Other complementary(More)
The Z-Scan (ZS) technique in the thermal regime has been used to measure the nonlinear optical response of low-density lipoprotein (LDL). The ZS technique is carried out in LDL from 40 patients with chronic periodontitis before and after three, six, and 12 months of periodontal treatment. Clinical parameters such as probing depths, bleeding on probing,(More)
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is known as 'bad' cholesterol. If too much LDL circulates in the blood it can be retained in the walls of the arteries, causing atherosclerosis. In this paper we showed an alternative method to quantify LDL using the europium tetracycline (EuTc) indicator. The optical properties of the EuTc complex were investigated in aqueous(More)
Obesity and hypertension have been recognized as inflammatory diseases capable of activating the immune system, thus contributing to an increased cardiovascular risk. However, the link between adaptive immunity, obesity, and hypertension is poorly understood. We investigated the relationship of the body mass index (BMI) on the inflammatory, vascular, and(More)
This work presents a controlled study of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) structural changes due to in vitro oxidation with copper ions. The changes were studied by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) techniques in the case of LDL and by SAXS, DLS, and Z-scan (ZS) techniques in the case of(More)